Ashoka (Saraca Asoca)

Only available on StudyMode
  • Topic: Ashoka tree, Phloem, Saraca
  • Pages : 16 (2712 words )
  • Download(s) : 643
  • Published : December 14, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
ASHOKA
(SARACA ASOCA)

Classification[4]
Kingdom
Divison
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species

Plantae
Magnoliophyta
Mgnoliopsida
Fabales
Caesalpinaceae
Saraca
Asoca

DEVSTHALI VIDYAPEETH COLLEGE OF PHARMACY

CONTANTS

Introduction………………………………………………………………01 Synonyms……………………………………………………………………01 Biological source…………………………………………………….01 Geographical source…………………………………………….01 Cultivation and collection………………………………..02 Macroscopic Characters…………………………………….03 Botanic description……………………………………………...04 Microscopic Characters…………………………………….05-06 Chemical constituents…………………………………………07 Adulterant…………………………………………………………………..08 Chemical Test……………………………………………………………08 Biological and Pharmalogical activity………09

Uses of Ashoka Bark……………………………………………..10 Storage………………………………………………………………………......11 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………11 References………………………………………………………………......12-13

DEVSTHALI VIDYAPEETH COLLEGE OF PHARMACY

ASHOKA
(SARACA ASOCA)

INTRODUCTION
Herbal medicine has such an extraordinary influence that numerous alternative medicine therapies treat their patients with Herbal remedies, Unani and Ayurveda. Approximately 25 percent of all prescription drugs are derived from trees, shrubs or herbs.Ashoka or Ashoka is a Sanskrit words which means “without sorrow” or which that gives no grief. Ashoka is one of the most legendary and sacred trees of India. Ashoka tree, universally known by its binomial Latin name Saraca asoca De.wild or Saraca indica belonging family

Caesalpinaceae. Evergreen tree called in English Ashok tree. Ashoka is Tannin containing Natural Drug.

Synonyms Ashoka is also known as:
Kankeli (Sanskrit)
Ashoka (Gujrati)
Ashoka (Hindi)
damara (Kannada)
Asogam (Tamil)

Biological source
Ashoka consist of dried Stem Bark of the plant Saraca Indica Linn. Belonging to family Leguminosae.

Geographical source
It is distributed in evergreen forests of India up to an elevation of about 750 meters. It is found throughout India. Specially in Himalayas, Kerala, Bengal and whole south region.In Himalaya it is found at Khasi, Garo and Lussi hills and in Kerala region it is found in Patagiri, Kaikatty & Pothundi of Palakkad district, Thrisur, Kollam and Kannaur districts,S. America,

Jamaica, East India
(1)
DEVSTHALI VIDYAPEETH COLLEGE OF PHARMACY

Cultivation and Collection [7]
Soil and climate
The plant requires slightly acidic to neutral soils for good growth with Medium to deep well drained fertile soils. It grows well in tropical to subtropical Situations under irrigation.

Nursery raising and planting
The crop can be propagated by seeds and stem grafting.
The seedlings are planted in the well-manured field during the rainy season.

Thinning and weeding
Weeding and thinning of the plants may be done as and when Required usually after 15-30 days for better growth.

Manures, fertilizers and pesticides
The medicinal plants have to be grown without chemical fertilizers and use of pesticides. Organic manures like, Farm Yard Manure (FYM), Vermi-Compost, Green Manure etc. may be used as per requirement of the species. To prevent diseases, bio-pesticides could be prepared (either single or mixture) from Neem (kernel, seeds & leaves), Chitrakmool, Dhatura, Cow's urine etc.

Irrigation
Normally grown as rainfed crop but for better yield irrigation may be done as Per requirement (weekly/fortnightly).

Harvesting/ post harvesting operation
Bark is removed from about ten years or older tree and then it has to be sun dried.

(2)
DEVSTHALI VIDYAPEETH COLLEGE OF PHARMACY

Macroscopic Characters

 Colour

Brown

 Odour

Characteristic

 Taste

Characteristic

 Appearance

Free flowing powder

 Identification

TLC method

 Solubility

In water NLT 60%w/w
In Alcohol NLT 40%w/w

 PH (1% w/v solution)

5 to 7

 Loss on drying

Not More Then 5%w/w

 Moisture Content by K.F.

Not More Then 5% w/w

 Ash Content:

Not More Then...
tracking img