Ashdown Forest

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  • Topic: Niagara Falls, Niagara Escarpment, Horseshoe Falls
  • Pages : 6 (1797 words )
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  • Published : September 29, 2012
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On 4th October 2001, I went on geography field trip to Ashdown Forest. We got out of the coach and started to walk towards the river source. Unfortunately due to the lack of weather there wasn’t any water. It was dry rather than muddy. We took some notes of landscape then we started walk towards the waterfall which was also dry. We could see where the drop was and where the hard rock eroded away soft rock. We took some measurement of the fall (width and depth). Secondly we walked toward the V-shaped valley and river. We drew the landscape of v-shaped valley and jot some notes down as well. But the river wasn’t fill up with water so there wasn’t any flow. So we took some measurements in our mini group. We measured river course section, speed and depth of water. Lastly we started to walk our way back to coach. On the way back we stopped at Arman’s Grave where 6 people died in plane crash in World War 2. We took some note on that and came back to coach. After that we had lunch and come back to school. In this project I am to explain some features of Ashdown Forest that I found out when I was on the trip. Landscape

Geology
Ashdown Forest's landscape is greatly influenced by its underlying geology, which is mostly the sandstone and siltstone of the Ashdown Sands. When these stones combined with a local climate that is generally wetter, cooler and windier than the surrounding area owing to the Forest's elevation, rising from 200 feet (61 m) to over 700 feet (210 m) above sea level, give rise to sandy, largely podzolic soils that are characteristically acid, clay, and nutrient-poor. These poor, infertile soils have favoured the development of heath land, valley mires and damp woodland. These conditions have never favoured cultivation and have been a barrier to agricultural improvement, but they have favoured hunting activities, woodland industries and extractive industries. Climate

Summer is the warmest time and best for walking cycling etc; winter months can be cold and a little damp. It is advisable to take a light coat if the weather looks a bit iffy, just to keep you dry if anything; when the wind blows it can get quite cold on the ridges, however most of the valleys and copses provide enough shelter. Average climate in winter as follows Temperature

Throughout the month of November daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around 11°C. At night the average minimum temperature drops down to around 4°C.In recent times the highest recorded temperature in November has been 18°C, with the lowest recorded temperature -8°C. Precipitation

The average monthly amount of precipitation has been recorded at around 67 mm. Throughout the month you can expect to see rain or drizzle falling on 20 days of the month. Wind
The average daily wind speed in November has been around about 7 mph. In recent years the maximum sustained wind speed has reached around 32 mph. Vegetation
Heathland is defined by characteristics such as vegetation dominated by plants of the Ericaceae (heathers) family, few trees and sandy acidic soils. Heathland is a "plagio climax" vegetation type. This simply means that it originated through, and is maintained by some human activity. If that activity should increase then the plagio climax vegetation will progress towards a true climax vegetation. In Ashdown Forest there are plants such as heather, dwarf gorses and cross-leaved heath, some areas of scattered trees and scrub, areas of bare ground, gorse, wet heaths, bogs and open water. Heathland supports numerous species the most common being invertebrates such silver-studded blue butterflies, the raft spider (UK’s largest spider) and bog bush crickets. It is also home to the adder (Britain's only poisonous snake) and lizards. Land use

Farming
Man has lived and worked in Ashdown Forest for 5,000 years, with Iron working during the Roman Period and Saxon Farming, however the forest took on its role as an area of enjoyment in the 11th century, when it was...
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