How Thailand implements the roadmap for ASEAN Community by 2015 Introduction
My name is P. I am a human resource development officer in the Department of Foreign Trade in Thailand. According to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Community 2015 that Thailand is planning to attend in 2015, my responsibility is providing support in the various human resource functions, which include training and developing. The main purpose of this document is to provide the preparation for Thais on the roadmap of ASEAN Community 2015. Thailand is supposed to create a new policy that would assist Thailand to wisely develop the country and expand the economy among ASEAN Community 2015. Overview of the Issues
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established on 8 August 1967 by five leaders - the Foreign Ministers of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand and then membership has enlarged to include Brunei, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, making up what is today the ten Member States of ASEAN. ASEAN is an inter-governmental and economic organization. ASEAN has considerably contributed to strengthening the basis for peace, stability, security and prosperity in the region as well as enhancing the regional coherence and competitiveness in the face of new challenges unleashed by globalization and the rise of new economic powerhouses in Asia. The co-operation program of ASEAN is very comprehensive, covering all domains of social life, politically, economically, socially and culturally in line with the ASEAN Vision 2020. (Yoong Yoong, 2011) However, in 2009 ASEAN reaffirms the commitment to accelerating the establishment of the ASEAN Community by decreasing 5 years to 2015. The ASEAN Community 2015 is comprised of three pillars, the ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC), the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC). AEC’s end-goal of a “single market” connotes an EU-style common market where there is complete freedom of trade of goods, services, capital and labor (Peter, 2005). The three pillars have different concepts, hence, to start with ASEAN Political-Security Community; The APSC shall aim to ensure that countries in the region live at peace with one another and with the world in a just, democratic and harmonious environment (ASEAN Secretariat, 2012). The ASEAN Economic Community is the free flow of goods, services, investment, and a competition in the global economy. The ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community is to realize an ASEAN Community that is people-oriented and socially responsible with a view to achieving enduring solidarity and unity among the peoples and Member States of ASEAN (ASEAN Secretariat, 2012). The establishment of ASEAN's single market in 2015 is expected to bring both benefits and costs back to member countries. Initially, Free Trade Area underpinning the AEC is the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA), an advantageous tariff scheme to stimulate the free flow of goods within ASEAN that are manufactured locally within any ASEAN country. The AFTA will open more regional cooperation and will enable easier movement of investment, goods, services, capital and people. Next in order, the ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Area (ACIA) will encourage the free flow of investment within ASEAN. All industries are to be opened up for investment, elimination of investment impediments, enlarging transparency, and undertaking investment facilitation measures. In the third place, ASEAN members are negotiating intra-regional services liberalization in several sectors, including financial services, air transport, construction, maritime transport, telecommunications and tourism. There are eight professions that lay the way for the free flow of skilled labor consisting doctors, dentists, nurses, engineers, architects, accountants, surveyors and the tourism industry. Ultimately, to enhancing tourism opportunity in ASEAN countries. Asians travel more in the region and...
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