Topics: Disease, Epidemiology, Ascaris lumbricoides Pages: 2 (453 words) Published: March 6, 2013
Incidence of Ascariasis among children and its corresponding treatment

What is : What is the reason behind acquiring Ascariasis mostly in children. What should be: Corresponding medication of Ascariasis
1. Soil Transmission through playing outside.
2. Ingestion of uncooked food.
3. Improper waste disposal.
4. Contaminated soil by human feces.

Review of Related Literature
It focuses on the incidence of ascariasis among children which consist of the disease profile and corresponding medication or treatment. It also provides information the reasons behind acquiring ascariasis. Ascaris is a soil-transmitted helminth, which means that the soil plays a major role in the development and transmission of the parasite. It causes varying degree of pathology: 1.) intestinal irritation to the adult and 2.) other complications due to extraintestinal migration. Soil-transmitted helminth infections like ascariasis are diseases of poverty. They contribute to impairment of cognitive performances and growth of children. (Cabrera B. and De Leon B., 2004). Ascariasis is a disease of humans caused by the parasitic roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides. It is prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical regions where hygiene is poor. Ascariasis is most common in tropical areas with poor sanitation and in Asia, where farmers use human feces as fertilizer. In the United States, it's more prevalent in the south, particularly among people ages 4 to 12 (L. Williams 2005). Experts estimate that 25 percent of the world’s population plays host to the worm. In some underdeveloped countries, the prevalence rate of ascaris infection is a high 90 percent. In the Philippines, intestinal helminthiasis remains a major public health concern. In a study involving elementary school children in selected sites in Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao, the cumulative prevalence, which is the positivity for at least one type of STH infection, was 67%. A nationwide study also...
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