As Sociology

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Jan 2009
(a) Explain what is meant by the ‘expressive role’ (Item 2A, line 5). (2 marks)

(b) Suggest two ways in which ‘family life may have a harmful effect on women’ (Item 2A, lines 6 – 7). (4 marks)

(c) Suggest three reasons for the decrease in the death rate since 1900. (6 marks)

(d) Examine the ways in which childhood can be said to be socially constructed. (24 marks)

(e) Using material from Item 2B and elsewhere, assess the view that the nuclear family is no longer the norm. (24 marks)

June 2009

0 6. Explain the difference between a family and a household (Item 2A). (4 marks)

0 7. Suggest two reasons why lone-parent families are more likely to be headed by a female. (4 marks)

0 8. Suggest two reasons why there has been an increase in one-person households (Item 2A, line 3). (4 marks)

0 9. Examine the reasons for changes in birth rates and family size since 1900. (24 marks)

1 0. Using material from Item 2B and elsewhere, assess the view that gender roles and relationships have become more equal in modern family life. (24 marks)

Jan 2010

(a) Explain the difference between the ‘birth rate’ and the ‘fertility rate’ (Item 2A). (4 marks)

(b) Suggest two reasons why women might delay having children (Item 2A). (4 marks)

(c) Suggest two ways in which the position of children could be said to have improved over the last one hundred years. (4 marks)

(d) Examine the ways in which government policies and laws may affect the nature and extent of family diversity. (24 marks)

(e) Using material from Item 2B and elsewhere, assess the Marxist view that the main role of the family is to serve the interests of capitalism. (24 marks)

June 2010

0 6. Explain what is meant by ‘serial monogamy’ (Item 2A). (2 marks)

0 7. Suggest two reasons why there has been an increase in cohabitation (Item 2A). (4 marks)

0 8. Identify three ways in which childhood may not be a positive experience for some children. (6 marks)

0 9....
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