Aruna Shanbhag Case

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Aruna Shanbaug case
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aruna Shanbaug (or Shanbhag) is a nurse from Haldipur, Uttar Kannada, Karnataka in India. In 1973, while working at King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, she was sexually assaulted and has been in a vegetative state since the assault. On 24th January 2011, after she had been in this status for 37 years, the Supreme Court of India responded to the plea for euthanasia filed by Aruna's friend journalist Pinki Virani, by setting up a medical panel to examine her. The court turned down the mercy killing petition on 7 March, 2011. However in its landmark judgment, it allowedpassive euthanasia in India.[1] Contents [hide] * 1 Attack and trial * 1.1 Nurses' strike * 2 Supreme Court case * 3 Response * 4 In popular culture * 5 Further reading * 6 References * 7 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Attack and trial
Aruna Shanbaug hailing from Haldipur town of Uttar kannada disrtict in Karnataka, was a junior nurse, at King Edward Memorial Hospital in Mumbai and was planning to get married to a medico in the hospital. [2] On the night of 27 November 1973, Sohanlal Bhartha Walmiki, a ward boy at the King Edward Memorial Hospital[3] Walmiki was motivated partly by resentment for being ordered about and castigated by Shanbaug.[4][5]Walmiki attacked her while she was changing clothes in the hospital basement. He choked her with a dog chain and sodomized her. The asphyxiation cut off oxygen supply to her brain resulting in brain stem contusion injury and cervical cord injury apart from leaving her cortically blind.[6] The police case was registered as a case of robbery and attempted murder on account of the concealment of anal rape by the doctors under the instructions of the Dean of KEM, Dr. Deshpande, perhaps to avoid the social rejection of the victim.[7], and her impending marriage. [2] Walmiki was caught and convicted, and served two concurrent seven-year sentences for assault and robbery, neither for rape or sexual molestation, nor for the "unnatural sexual offence" (which could have got him a ten-year sentence by itself). [edit]Nurses' strike

Following the attack, nurses in Mumbai went on strike demanding improved conditions for Shanbaug and better working conditions for themselves.[5] In the 1980s the BMC made two attempts to move Shanbaug outside the KEM Hospital to free the bed she has been occupying for seven years. KEM nurses launched a protest, and the BMC abandoned the plan.[8] -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Supreme Court case
See also: Euthanasia in India
Since the assault in 1973, she has been in a vegetative state. On December 17, 2010, Supreme Court while admitting the plea to end the life made by activist-journalist Pinki Virani, sought a report on Shanbaug's medical condition from the hospital in Mumbai and the government of Maharashtra.[9][10] On 24th January 2011, the Supreme Court of India responded to the plea for euthanasia filed by Aruna's friend journalist Pinki Virani, by setting up a medical panel to examine her.[11]. The three-member medical committee subsequently set up under the Supreme Court's directive, checked upon Aruna and concluded that she met "most of the criteria of being in a permanent vegetative state". [12] However, it turned down the mercy killing petition on 7th March, 2011. The court, in its landmark judgement, however allowed passive euthanasia in India. While rejecting Pinki Virani's plea for Aruna Shanbaug's euthanasia, the court laid out guidelines for passive euthanasia. According to these guidelines, passive euthanasia involves the withdrawing of treatment or food that would allow the patient to live.[13][14] -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Response
Following the Supreme Court judgment rejecting the plea, her colleagues, the nursing staff at the hospital, who...
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