TOPIC – ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
NAME – Deepak Solanki
CASS – B.Tech (Hons)+MBA- ECE
SECTION – B
ROLL NO – 35
REG. NO - 7460070064
SUBMITTED TO – Mr. SURENDER
Dated – 20-Oct-08
Artificial Intelligence is a combination of computer science, physiology, and philosophy. It is the area of computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage on behaviours that humans consider intelligent. Evidence of Artificial Intelligence folklore can be traced back to ancient Egypt, but with the development of the electronic computer in 1941, the technology finally became available to create machine intelligence. The term artificial intelligence was first coined in 1956, at the Dartmouth conference, and since then Artificial Intelligence has expanded because of the theories and principles developed by its dedicated researchers. Through its short modern history, advancement in the fields of AI have been slower than first estimated, progress continues to be made. From its birth 4 decades ago, there have been a variety of AI programs, and they have impacted other technological advancements. Although the computer provided the technology necessary for AI, it was not until the early 1950's that the link between human intelligence and machines was really observed.
In 1957, the first version of a new program The General Problem Solver (GPS) was tested. The program developed by the same pair which developed the Logic Theorist. The GPS was an extension of Wiener's feedback principle, and was capable of solving a greater extent of common sense problems. A couple of years after the GPS, IBM contracted a team to research artificial intelligence. Herbert Gelerneter spent 3 years working on a program for solving geometry theorems. While more programs were being produced, McCarthy was busy developing a major breakthrough in AI history. In 1958 McCarthy announced his new development;... [continues]
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