The 1960’s and 1970’s were troublesome times for the people of Brazil. They were engulfed in a fiery sea of a military dictatorship, while also being introduced to many new and upcoming countercultures of tradition; with one of the most prevalent subcultures being homosexuality. James N. Green discusses how the resistance movements of the time were dealing with this subculture that opposed the “normal” masculine and political structures of the leftist guerilla lifestyle.
In Green’s article, “Who is the Macho Who Wants to Kill Me? Male Homosexuality, Revolutionary Masculinity, and the Brazilian Armed Struggle of the 1960s and 1970s,” he discusses the “tensions between the non-normative sexual desires of members of the Brazilian revolutionary Left and the organizations to which they belong” (pg 440). It is also an effort to further the research on an understudied subject in Brazil and South America (pg. 441).
The article goes on to give history regarding the Brazilian Left formation of organizations to combat the military dictatorship. Green informs us about students, workers, ex-military, peasants, and liberal professionals joined armed struggle organizations to fight the authoritative regime. At the same time, Brazil is overcome with new cultural expressions and social practices like, the Pill, rock and roll, and gay and lesbian right movements. This created what was known as a counterculture towards the ideals and traditions of the leftists.
Green’s revolutionary article gives us a taste of a topic that was not a common focus back in the day and is still barley coming to the light today. His sources support his argument that the revolutionary Left saw homosexuality as inappropriate and an unacceptable sexual behavior (pg 440). Green found limited literary sources and a few memoirs, like Herbert Daniels, written on the topic. He also investigated the few written records of the Left’s on the subject. But like in many...
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