Article Review - “How Motivation Affects Learning and Behaviour” by J.E. Ormrod

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Article Review - “How Motivation Affects Learning and Behaviour” by J.E. Ormrod This article reveals six effects of motivation towards Learning and Behaviour. To begin with, intrinsic and extrinsic motivations are introduced as two major motivations that drive a person in their actions. When I bumped onto this article, I thought all points in this article are prior knowledge of everybody in education field. Until I found other articles that made my eyes opened and starting to disagree. The contradiction theory of motivation is proposed by A.J M. Marr in his article, The Phony Controversy . He said that the fact that intrinsic and extrinsic motivational processes represent nothing more than metaphorical piece that has nothing to do with neural processes that actually rule motivation. He further added that the intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivation controversy is a deception because distinctive intrinsic and extrinsic motivational processes simply do not exist. Intrinsic motivation refers to the performance for an activity for its inherent interest and enjoyment other than separable outcome (Saade, 2008). Saade’s statement coincides with Marr’s opinion that within the last ten years, the neuroscientific analysis of the reward mechanisms in the brain has revealed that an entirely different mechanism underlies reward or reinforcement. More or less, activities which are considered being done under intrinsic motivation influence are actually chosen for self-pleasure.

Marr also suggests that these distinguished motivations of intrinsic and extrinsic are related to prediction. Personally, his opinion is simply as follows; if an activity can be predicted as pleasurable, only then a person willingly to do it. Continuing the further, the brain will imagine and perceive how one activity will affect a person and how beneficial it would be.

On the other hand, Steven Reiss, a professor of psychology at Ohio State University argues that a diverse range of human motivations...
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