Article 92 - Good Order and Military Discipline

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Article 92

Good order and Military discipline:
The Disciplinary Regulations of the United States Army define military discipline as "a strict and honorable compliance by all servicemen with the order and rules prescribed by laws, military regulations and orders of commanders (superiors)." Military discipline is a special form of military relations. Its specifics lie in coordinating the conduct and actions of military personnel and in serving to establish such relations as are required for successful joint activity. The conduct of servicemen is regulated by special rules and standards of behavior set forth in laws, military regulations and orders of commanders (superiors) and reflecting the specific features of the military organization and the state's requirements on the behavior of military personnel. Military discipline as the order of relations and behavior of servicemen constitutes a key component of internal order in military units and detachments. By regulating serviceman's relations and behavior, military discipline forms the very basis and structure of internal order as the mode of organization of the life and activity of the Armed Forces, permeating all its elements, since the maintenance and enhancement of internal order is based on compliance with the prescribed rules and standards of behavior. It is known that functioning and development are inextricably linked together and, at the same time, are qualitatively distinct, each being governed by its own specific laws. The functioning process proceeds according to the laws of a relatively stable state, the system's mode of existence and its movement in the given qualitative state, whereas the laws of development are laws governing the system's transition from one state to another, i.e., a change of states which results in the system's transition to a qualitatively different level of functioning. The unity of functioning and development is an expression of the contradictory mode of existence of the military organization (just as of any system in general), in which functioning corresponds to relative rest, and development, to absolute motion. The interconnection and specifics of the functioning and development of the military organization as an integrated system determine the common character of military discipline and military control, and the difference between them. What they have in common is that both of them are kinds of organizational relations and act as parts or aspects of the military organization. And the difference between them is that discipline ensures the functioning of the Armed Forces as a system, whereas control ensures their development. In other words, military discipline is a mechanism for maintaining, and military control is a mechanism for transforming the military organization. Discipline is the aspect of the military organization that ensures a stabilization of its level, whereas control is the aspect that carries the Armed Forces to a higher level of development. Currently there is a fully shaped view on the psychological foundations of discipline as a specific set of personal and interpersonal structures and processes in mental regulation, which secure normative behavior in servicemen. The set includes the following: individualized personal sense of discipline (structure, development, conditions of functioning, causes and forms of disciplinary deviations), social psychology of group (interpersonal) disciplinary processes and structures, managerial psychological mechanisms for discipline, etc. Enhancing the normative component in behavior, including that of enlistees, is a continuous joint endeavor by the entire personnel, from commanders to subordinates, as for that matter is the effort to keep this kind of behavior at a required level. Also participating in the endeavor are collective--formal and informal--structures of the military public. The latter, as the present writer sees it, impact on the state of discipline mostly in the...
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