This essay deals with the presence of the American dream in the book "Death of a salesman" by Arthur Miller. It is a story about a man, Willy Loman, whose efforts to achieve this American dream went unrewarded, and because of this, he starts having a huge variety of problems with his family, friends and work.
The way Americans wish to live their lives, is not achieved by every single person. This is clearly seen in Willy Loman, who is a man who worked all his life as a salesman, and never achieved anything in his life " I was in the firm when your father used to carry you in his arms". So, when he realizes that he could not achieve this dream, he starts having serious psychological damage, like having flashbacks and constant contradictions, that make him confuse past with present.
Another problem, is that this dreams focuses on wealth and success only, and not being honest and a good person, which may lead to leave aside other important values in human beings. This is evidenced in the actions Willy does, how all his good values were destroyed by trying to achieve this dream, because as he could not achieve this dream, he starts lying and cheating on his wife and family. This is seen in the scene where Biff caught Willy with another women in Boston: " She is nothing to me, Biff. I was lonely, I was terribly lonely. Biff: You gave her Mama´s stockings!" Also, Superficial qualities such as popularity, and personal attractiveness, are also part of the values that this dream emphasizes, and so, Willy sees them as the most important things in life. So, he is always trying to show that he is someone he is not, and will do anything to be able to achieve this dream. We can observe this when he tells Bernard to give the answer to Biff and pass a state test, that was the last one he needed to go to University " You will give him the answers!"
All in all, we can see that this book is a true criticism to the American consumer society, as it shows that it is a...
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