A chronic disease in which thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls result in impaired blood circulation. It develops with aging, and in hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and other conditions
Inadequate Blood Supply in the Legs
The symptoms of arteriosclerosis vary according to the arteries involved. Signs of inadequate blood supply generally appear first in the legs. There may be numbness and coldness in the feet, and cramps and pains in the legs even after light exercise. Arteriosclerosis that affects arteries to the legs may cause severe pain in the legs and such a decreased blood flow to the legs is referred to as Peripheral Vascular Disease. This type of arteriosclerosis can cause severe leg pain, which tends to be more pronounced when walking. In severe cases the pain will even occur when at rest or when sleeping and wounds may refuse to heal properly, possibly resulting in infection. For Coronary Arteries Involved, Sharp Pains may be Felt
If the coronary arteries are involved, the patient may have sharp pains. When arteries leading to the brain are involved, the vessel may burst, causing haemorrhage in the brain tissues. A cerebral vascular stroke, with partial or complete paralysis on one side of the body, may result if there is blockage with a blood clot. It may also lead to loss of memory and a confused state of mind in elderly people. If arteries leading to the kidneys are involved, the patient may suffer from high blood pressure and kidney disorders. Arteriosclerosis that affects the kidneys can also result in kidney failure, leading to death.
Arteriosclerosis that affects the heart may cause symptoms like shortness of breath, chest pain, sweating and anxiety. Chest pain referred to as angina occurs as a result of a lack of oxygen supply to the heart muscles and tends to occur with exertion, while disappearing when at rest.
Causes of Arteriosclerosis
Please join StudyMode to read the full document