Art- Painting Movements

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For each art movement listed, discuss how it was a product of a certain history and culture. List the most important formal art elements of each movement. Choose a painting from the movement on the museum website. Point out the important formal qualities of the painting (how is it an example of the movement?)

There is a grid for each movement on the pages below.

Neoclassicism, Impressionism, and Abstract Expressionism art all contrast each other and are three very important eras in art.

Neoclassicism

This era deals with mostly Greek and Romans in ancient times. Many women who were drawn or used in a piece of art are naked, this is a sign that women in that time did not live in a life of luxury. In this era mature Rococo style was used. An example of Rococo style is Francois Boucher’s The Toilet of Venus, which a painting is commissioned by Madame de Pompadour. Madame de Pompadour was Louis XV’s mistress.

Impressionism

This era of art surfaced in the late 1800’s. Claude Monet began to use rich, thick brushstrokes with two or more pigments used on one single wide brush. This technique brought a whole new look into the art world. Monet also used intense hues in his art, which made his work even more extravagant. Monet had more than one clever and beautiful painting, one of these brilliant works was Garden at Sainte-Adresse. This piece of art shows affluent domesticity, but also shows war and battles between two countries, represented by the two flags.

Abstract Expressionism

This was an American art movement after World War II. In this era New York City became the center of the art world. William de Kooning was a great artist during this time. Kooning was an American, but was born in the Netherlands. The Glazier was one of his paintings that were finished in 1940. The Glazier had a ghostly, foggy, elusive quality. Parts of the body seem to just fade away into thin air, but the painting as a whole comes together to be a historic masterpiece....
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