Art Notes

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*Gestalt: German word for form of shape. *Visual intelligence is influenced by: 1.perception 2.awareness *looking: taking in visual stimuli-seeing: higher level of perception. *Aesthetics: the study of beauty. *3 components of art: subject, form, content.*Form: is known as the composition.*design elements include: line, texture, color, shape, value.*composition: the way that design elements are arranged on a 2D plane.*Organic unity: the combining of subject, form, content.*Visual unity: proximity, repetition, continuation.*Symmetrical(formal): exact or near exact matching of left and right sides of a composition.*Asymmetrical(informal): achieved when dissimilar objects with similar visual weight get equal attention by the eye.*Emphasis (focal point):most important visual element in a composition.*create emphasis in composition: emphasis by contrast, isolation, placement.*Subordination: creation of mutual area of lesser interest that keeps us from being distracted from the areas of emphasis.*3 forms of line: Actual,implied,psychic.*5 directions of line: horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curved, zigzag. *Stabilizers: horizontal, vertical.*motion: diagonal, curved, zigzag.*Value: the relative degree of lightness or darkness of a tone or color.*5 contrast schemes (value keys): Full tonal range: black to white.*High contrast: pulls tone from upper and lower value scale, avoids middle tones.*Middle key: only middle grays.*high key: middle gray to white.*low key: middle gray down to black.*3 properties of color: hue, vale, intensity.*Hue: the blueness or yellowness or redness that places it somewhere on the color spectrum.*Triadic color wheel 3 groups of color: primary, secondary, tertiary.*primary: red, blue, yellow.*Secondary: the mix of two primary colors.*Tertiary: the mix of primary and secondary colors.*Tint: hue plus white.*Shade: hue plus black.*Intensity (Chroma): the saturation, strength, or purity of a hue.*5 color schemes: Monochromatic: uses only one hue, can vary in value and intensity.*Analogous: 3-4 colors in order on the color wheel.*Triadic: any 3 evenly spaced on the color wheel.*Complimentary: directly across on the color wheel.*Split complimentary: 1 color grouped with the 2 adjacent to its compliment.*2 forms of shape: Simple, complex.*Types of shapes: Geometric (rectilinear), Organic (biomorphic).*Forms of depth: use of a gradient, overlapping, vertical location, planer recession, one-point perspective, two-point prespective.*5 forms of texture: Actual, Impasto, papier colle & collage, Visual, Trompe-l’oeil-fool the eye.*Paleolithic Period (old stone age) first crude stone tools created and used by hominids.*Mesolithic period (middle stone age) marked by the last glaciation of earth but not much happens for art.*Neolithic period (new stone age) first sustained use of agriculture.*Bronze age: Starts first in the fertile river valleys of Mesopotamia, agriculture become very important, production of metals.*The Ziggurat building: ancient temple, connected to heaven.*Egypt: is unique it develops largely independently to other cultures, pyramids were the tallest building in the world for 4000 years, most sculpture tell a story related to the afterlife, were metal masters.*3 functions of drawing: 1.serves as a notation, sketch, or record. 2. Serves as a study or perpetration for a more complex work.3.drawing just to draw.*2 kinds of drawing: receptive: capturing something in front of us physically.*Projective: drawing through memory or imagination.*Printmaking: making prints. *Print: an impression made by pressing ink on paper.*Relief (block) printing: Cut away all the parts of the printing surface not meant to carry ink- high spots will carry ink low spots won’t. *Intaglio printing: opposite of relief printing, areas below the surface carry ink.*3 types of intaglio printing: Engraving, dry point, etching.*Planographic (lithographic) printing: no cutting just takes advantage of the division of oil and...
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