Art History Quiz 1

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Greek 600-630 B.C.
Archaic period
Kouros 600-580bc
* Kouros= Youth
* Archaic period
* From attica, Greece
* marble
Krosios (Kouros from Anavysos) 530bc
* marble
*

High classical period
Doryphorus or canon
* Doryphorus = Spear bearer
* Artist: Polykleitos
* High classical period
* Idealisim
* Contrapostal= pose (relaxed)
* Artist wrote the cannon
Apoxymenos
* Apoxymenos= the scraper
* Artist: Lysippose
* High classical period

Athenian Acropolis
* Acropolis= High city
* Named after Athena
* Financed by treasure stolen by Athens
* Most elaborate and famous
* Built after Persians
Parthenon (temple of Athena Parthenos)
* Artist: Iktinos and Killikrates
* Marble
* *Dedicated to Athena parthenos

Athena the Virgin
* Cult statue of Athena holding Nike (winged victory)
* Over 30 feet high
* Gold & Ivory very expensive

Birth of Athena east pediment of Parthenon
* Free standing sculptures sitting on giant ledge
* Includes the Elgin Marbles
* *Elgin marbles- British bought and the Greeks want it back to this day * *relief sculpture

Erechtheion 421-405
* Dedicated to Athena Polias
* Holds shrines to 2 greek gods Erechteus and Kreops
* *Porch of maidens- (*caryatid figures) women statue holding roof they are colums

Athena adjusting her sandal 447-424bc
* High relief sculpture
* Impressive drapery
* *Shows a god doing an ordinary human gesture

Hellenistic period = greek light
Winged victory
* Nike of Somothrace
* Navy victory
* Dramatic more hellenistic- bold/dramatic

Aphrodite of Melos (venus de Milo)
* Alexandros

Laocoon and his sons
* Drama

Roman 500bc-337
Capitoline Wolf 500-480bc
* Wolf and 2 kids being milked
* Bronze
* Symbol of Rome

Head of Roman Patrician 75-50bc
* Verism- from latin verus=true
* Realistic
* Shows physical characteristics
* Old/wrinkly = wise

Middle aged Flavian Woman
* Roman portrait
* Balance of idealism and realism
* Older/saging face shows accomplished life
Portrait of Roman General
* Wise- face
* String body

Augustus of Primaporta
* Marble, freestanding
* Contrapposto-relaxed pose
* Power/leader

Pont-du-Gard
* Arcade- series/row of arches
* Aqueduct bridge
* Built to carry water

Vespasian
* End of Julio claudian dynasty
* Beginning of the Flavian dynasty
* Verism-true to life
Flavian Colosseum
* Rome
* Arches and vaults
* Concrete=made from lime, sand, water, “caementa”=small stones * Largest building for sporting event

Pantheon
* Rome
* From greek pan=all theos=gods
* Artist: Hadrian
Painted portrait of Septimius Serverus and His Family
* Damnatio memoriae
* Tempra on wood
* Geta (younger son) ordered Caracalla (older son) to be murdered thus Geta taking throne Colossus of Constantine
* Constantine the Great
* Huge statue believed to be 40 feet high

Medieval Art 400-1400
Book of Kells
* Contains 4 gosples of new testament
* Manuscript-hand written books
* Velum or parchment-leather animal skin to write on
* Illuminated manuscript- hand written book with pictures The Page Chi rho Lota- most famous page from the book.
* XPI=Greek abbreviation of Christo X=chi P=rho I=iota
Four Evangelists
* Mather-angle
* Mark-lion
* Luke-Ox
* John- eagle
Romanesque...
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