Art Essay - Guernica

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Pablo Picasso’s painting Guernica is a true Masterpiece; he conceived/developed the idea of Guernica and resolved all issues with the finished product in 1937, during the bombing of a little Basque village named Guernica in Northern Spain. This world of unprecedented atrocities was the major influence on Picasso. He used techniques and innovations such as newspaper, dismantling traditional forms (marking the beginning of cubism), using sharp edges and the black and grey tones to focus the viewer’s eye on what is actually occurring in the painting.

From the way Pablo Picasso’s conceived and developed the ideas of Guernica is what makes the painting a masterpiece. It represents the soul and spirit of Picasso. He used this painting to depict a form of communication that an artist employs as a substitution for words. On April 27th, 1937 Nazi bombing caused the virtual obliteration of the small town of Guernica. This was where Picasso’s inspiration came from. The town was to be employed as bombing practice for some new war machinery, which pounded Guernica with high explosives and bombs for three hours and soldiers who machine-gunned the townspeople. The town burned for three days after the unnecessary exploitation it endured. This resulted in sixteen hundred civilians being killed or wounded. It is in this powerful painting that Picasso captures the horror and brutal destruction that man is able to commit against their fellow man. This work tells the story.

The painting Guernica itself is grey, black and white, 3.5 meters tall and 7.8 meters wide, painted on a mural-size canvas in oil. It illustrates the suffering of people, animals and building that are overwhelmed by chaos and violence. The image we receive from Guernica is that of a bull with a wide eye that is standing over the form of women who it appears is grieving over the child in her arms, which is presumably dead. A horse that is seen to be in agony due to the spear in its side is filling the center...
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