For my project i have chosen the Icon piece Jewelry of 1900-1930 period, Art Nouveau (1895-1920) and Art Deco (1920-1930) period. Nowadays it became a trend to wear vintage clothes, accessories and jewelry. The lovers of the spirit of antiquity in today’s outfit appreciate opportunity to find some unique and rare pieces of that Art Nouveau and Art Deco period in some vintage markets.
Art Nouveau (New Art) as an art movement appeared that time, when it was needed a bridge in a psychological gap between the old and the new century. In 1900, arts and crafts inspired by the history and at the same time craving for something new and truly modern style gave a way to a new promising approach. Art Nouveau, covering the period from 1895 to 1920, exposure to old and new ideas, owes something to each of them. Speaking about the Art Deco (Decorative Art) style, it should be noted that it prevailed in the era between the two World Wars, and was a reflection of a radically changed world. Age of speed, scientific and technological progress, liberation after the Victorian era. The pace of life is changing, changing the image of women. This is no longer naive and romantic girl, this image is changing to more independent and even vamp. Simple, practical, and at the same time expensive clothes, hobby, career, sports and jazz - all this required a new approach and a new style of jewelry too.
With the beggining of woman emansipation , Ideology of Art Nouveau had a strong influence on the jewelry. Women in the interwar period, began to show a new look: bare hands, bright lipstick, short angular haircuts, short dresses in a scandalous club style “Flapper”. This new boyish silhouette highlighted with accessories and jewelry in a free style: long necklaces and earrings, rings and several bracelets. One of the major influences on Art Nouveau was the Symbolist movement, which had begun in the 1880's. The imagery adopted by this group of artists combined religious mysticism with eroticism, as seen particulary in the work of the Austrian painter, Gustav Klimt. Art Nouveau combined inspiration from this source with some of the elements of Arts and Crafts philosophy. It is highly varied and asymmetrical forms, it also reflected the political uneasiness of it's period.
By the beginning of World War II, the last remnants of the nineteenth century were eradicated. There, where the taste of the nineteenth century still reveled in excess, the economic and social pressures, which immediately followed the war, brought a new mood, and a strict and clear modern look. The precision equipment employed in jewelry making could be adapted with relative ease to gun part manufacture, and the market for new decorative jewelry which had flourished between 1900 and 1914 virtually dried up during the war. There was no importing or exporting of jewelry except on the black market. During the “Art Deco” period that followed the war, jewelry design was closely related to fine art, particulary in France, which was the cultural center of Europe. Many artists and sculptors, including Picasso, Braque and Salvador Dali experimented with jewelry design, bringing the influence of Cubism and Futurism. However, this period of rigor didn’t last long, in 1920 there was a consumption boom, due to the prosperity of industry, which affected all sectors of society and brought violent and bright mood. Art Deco, a characteristic style of that period, just right contains an intriguing contradiction of these two completely different post-war sentiments. On the one hand it is rational and restrained, on the other hand, there are elements that can be described as frivolous or even flashy. This is one of the most eclectic styles corresponding to the period of rapid change, serious and sharp contrasts to which he belongs
Art Nouveau concentrated on the rich treatment of surface decoration. It was a style that was applied to everything from fine art to...