March 2, 2012
Roman architecture developed from an understanding of the Hellenistic Architecture of Greece.
However, Roman architecture shows the influence of the development of new engineering skills and secular monuments, whereas Greek architecture showed more the influence of gods and ideas of physical perfection in the development of their architecture.
The Romans developed not only new ways to build more efficient buildings but also a entirely different purpose for the building to be built. While still showing the beauty that was skillfully achieved by the Greeks and adding their own practically and ingenuity, the Romans developed an architectural style that remains to this day. (e.g. in Bath, England, you can see the original Roman warm spring baths, around which the upper crust English built impressive, Roman-style architecture during their own Palladian era.)
The Greeks people built beautiful architecture for the worship of their gods, and a large percentage of the ancient Greek architecture that we still know of today were temples. The gods were the driving force behind any major architecture of the Hellenistic period.
Another major difference between Greek and Roman architecture was the purpose behind the design. Greek architecture was meant to be viewed as a piece of art that would give pleasure to the gods. This was obvious in the ornate exteriors of the buildings; in the pediments and metopes and the relative drabness of...