ARRIVAL OF THE EUROPEANS IN
INDIAN SUB-CONTINENT AND
A good connection existed between the Indian sub-continent and Europe since the ancient time. The Arab traders exported the commodities of Indian subcontinent to Venice and Genoa Ports of Italy in the middle age. These Ports commodities were also
sent to various countries of Europe.
This business was monopolized by
the Arab and Italian traders. In this
way, they earn a large amount of
profit. Gradually, the merchants of
other European countries became
eager to find out the sea-route to
come to this sub-continent. They
had been trying to do this for a long
time. At last the Portugal sailor
Vasco-de-Gama reached at Calicut
Port in 1498 A.D. Calicut Port is
situated in west coast of this subcontinent.
He came here via the
west and south coast of the African
continent. In this way, a new sea route from Europe to India was discovered. This had been the only sea route for European traders before the opening of Suez Canal. Gradually, the traders of different European countries were involved in business with India and the East Indies. Arrival of the Portuguese to India: The people of Portugal are called the Portuguese.The Portuguese traders established business centres in different places of this sub-continent within a very short time after the discovery of a new sea Vasco-de-Gama (1459-1525 A.D)
22 Social Science
route by Vasco-De-Gama. Among all those business centres Calicut, Chaul, Bombay, Salsette, Bassien, Cochin, Goa, Daman, Diu were the important ones. They also established this kind of centre in Hugli of West Bengal. Besides set business centres in some places of Srilanka too.
Albuquerque: Albuquerque was the first governor of Portuguese colonies in India. He was very intelligent. Due to his endless efforts the Portuguese became the greatest naval power in Europe. He built a fort in Cochin. This was the first European fort in India.
Activities of the Portuguese...