Army First Aid Study Guide

Topics: First aid, Orthopedic surgery, Bone fracture Pages: 11 (2065 words) Published: January 30, 2013
First Aid

What is Self Aid?
Emergency treatment one applies to oneself
Name some items that you might use as a splint from your military equipment ·Bayonet
·Entrenching tool
·Tent poles and stakes
·Web belt
What is the quickest way to splint a broken leg?
Tie the broken leg securely to the unbroken leg
How many pressure points, which can be used to control bleeding with fingers, thumbs or hands are there on the human body? 11
What is the object of first aid?
To stop bleeding
Overcome shock
Relieve pain
Prevent infection
What FM covers first aid for soldiers?
FM 4-25.11
What is First Aid?
It is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personnel can be made available 8
What is the unique feature of type "O" blood?
It is a universal donor
When would you not remove a casualties clothing to expose a wound? If in a chemical environment or if the clothing is stuck to the wound 10
What soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?
Soldiers not accustomed to the heat, overweight soldiers, prior heat casualties, and soldiers already dehydrated due to alcohol use, diarrhea, or lack of water (insufficient use of) 11
How high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding? 2 to 4 inches
What are the lifesaving steps? (The ABC's of medical treatment) Open the airway and restore breathing
Stop the bleeding / Protect the wound
Prevent shock
When applying splint, where should the bandages be tied?
The bandages should be tied with knots against the splint
Whose first aid dressing should be used on a casualty?
Use the casualty’s field dressing.
How should the ends of an improved pressure dressing be tied? Tie the ends together in a nonslip knot, directly over the wound site. DO NOT tie so tightly that it has a tourniquet-like effect. 16

What is manual pressure?
If bleeding continues after applying the sterile field dressing, direct manual pressure may be used to help control bleeding. Apply such pressure by placing a hand on the dressing and exerting firm pressure for 5 to 10 minutes. The casualty may be asked to do this himself if he is conscious and can follow instructions. 17

Should a casualty be given water to drink?
He should not eat or drink
Why should you dress and bandage the wound as soon as possible? To protect the wound from further contamination of germs, and also to control the bleeding 19
What should you do to indicate that a casualty has received a tourniquet? Mark his or her forehead with a T and if possible, note the time of the application of the tourniquet 20
Should you ever remove or loosen a tourniquet?
No, only qualified medical personnel can do that
Where is a tourniquet applied?
Place the tourniquet around the limb, between the wound and the body trunk (or between the wound and the heart). Never place it directly over a wound, a fracture, or joint. Tourniquets, for maximum effectiveness, should be placed on the upper arm or above the knee on the thigh. 22

How can you prevent athlete's foot?
Keep your feet clean, use foot powder and change socks daily 23
Name 3 categories of heat injuries
Heat cramps
Heat exhaustion
Heat stroke
What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?
Cramping in the extremities (arms and legs)
Abdominal Cramps (stomach)
Excessive Sweating
What is the treatment for heat cramps?
Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available. Loosen his clothing (if not in a chemical environment)

In a chemical environment, transport the heat casualty to a non-contaminated area as soon as the mission permits.

Have him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water. (The body absorbs cool water faster than warm or cold water; therefore, cool water is preferred if it is available.) Seek medical assistance should cramps continue.

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