Arms Race - Essay

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The prominent authors, Michael G. and Michael J. Sheehan, provide similar perspective on the origins of Cold War. They summarise the Cold War, as an ideological conflict between Communist and non-Communist countries that started after the World War II. The Soviet leaders aligned with the United States and the Western European countries to fight the Germans; however, the Soviets supported communism, a political and economic system of governance that they believed would overtake capitalism, which was practiced everywhere in the Western world. By 1947, the United States had formulated policy to prevent the Soviet Union from exporting communism to other countries.

As stated in the book "The Wizards of Armageddon" Fred Kaplan gives us a remarkable insight into how the Cold War unfolded. In this book, he states that for more than forty years, the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union directly threatened each other with nuclear weapons. It is evident from the history that the conflict never became an open warfare because both superpowers were aware of the term MAD or Mutually Assured Destruction. They only kept on trying hard to undermine and destroy each other, but never dared to let their open hostility to culminate in an all out war, which would have led to nuclear war that could completely decimate both countries. The Soviet Union and the United States competed for power and influence around the world. This period is referred as The Cold War Era. During this time, the world saw the development of the Hydrogen Bomb and the nuclear arms race. This massive build up of Weapons of Mass Destruction on both sides was known as the arms race. The arms race between the Soviet Union and the U.S. was actually a reckless competition to accumulate the most powerful and advanced nuclear weapons. The purpose was to make yourself more powerful in the eyes of your enemy so that you would not be attacked; and if you were, you could retaliate with even greater...
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