Basma el Kersh
COMPARE AND CONTRAST
The Crucible and the Armenian Genocide
The Salem Witchcraft Trials and the Armenian Genocide were distinctive events of their time. In January 1692, Reverend Samuel Paris’s daughter and niece became ill. The village doctor, William Griggs, triggered the trials as he diagnosed bewitchment, however the effects of mass hysteria were the most enduring, and led to the death of many. On the other hand, the Armenian Genocide, between the years 1915 and 1918 (during WW1), was planned and organized by the Turkish government against the entire Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire. The political party of the Ottoman Empire decided to carry out the genocide against the Armenians after they found out that the Armenians are frequently questioning the government and planning to rebel against it. Millions were massacred, and thousands were either refugees or homeless. The Salem Witchcraft Trials and the Armenian Genocide were influenced by religion, caused the deaths of many, and ended because the main political power of each was replaced by another.
Religion was one of the main factors that caused the conflicts, and ultimately led to the deaths of many or even millions in both cases. The people of Salem had a strong belief in the devil; therefore people regarded all activities besides work and prayer as potentially sinful distractions. The people of Salem suffered from false accusations that led to their execution and torture. People who were accused of being witches failed to defend themselves as no one believed them. Similar incidents occurred in the Armenian Genocide; the government that was ruled by the Muslim Turks never allowed Christian Armenians to participate in politics and forced them to pay higher taxes. Also, they were afraid of being attacked, and they were threatened by warning tribes. All these factors combined with the recent small-pox epidemic, and the internal conflicts within Salem caused...