Exterior causation Self-sufficiency Active god- the designer of Passive god- mover the world's pattern of the world's form PLATO VS. ARISTOTLE God as a personal guide God as an impersonal stimulus Transcended principle of "one good" "Good" understood as the final cause of the whole of reality, "that towards which everything else tends".
Fixed "goods" Relational "goods".
Three types Exterior goods (wealth & pleasure) Absence of exterior not necessary for happiness goods may spoil or compromise happi- ness, i.e. Priam.
DEFINITIONS JUSTICE - Dike PLATO: Every man is free to attend to his own business, provided he does not interfere with the rights of other people. A friendly interweaving of mutual interests instead of a snarling warfare about irreconcilable aims. Justice as a universal fact, i.e. the Kallipolis.
ARISTOTLE: Justice is the mean between gain and loss. Justice as the lawful (universal) and justice as the fair and equal (particular). Particular justice consists of distributive (pertains to honor and wealth) and rectificatory (pertains to contracts/transactions) justice. Justice is the supreme ethical virtue.
HAPPINESS - Eudaimonia PLATO: Complete manifestation of virtues (wisdom, courage, moderation and most importantly, justice).