To fully understand Aristotle’s education theory, one must understand that only citizens are educated. Citizenship was only to be granted to the aristocracy, which included rulers, soldiers, and priests. Women were not granted citizenship, and would not be educated with men. They would receive training in gymnastics and domestic arts to allow them to manage households, to bear and raise children, and to please and be obedient to their husbands (Hummel, 1993). The farmer, laborer, merchant, and slave would be trained in whatever specific skills which was required of them.
Aristotle believes that putting in place a strong public education system is fundamental in the establishment of a productive society and strong government. Educated citizens guarantees a stable government (Shields, 2007). “No one will doubt that the legislator should direct his attention above all to the education of youth; for the neglect of education does harm to the constitution,” (Jowett, par.1). At an early age, education should be an important factor because education is what builds a community, and helps a community become successful. “The citizen should be molded to suit the form of government under which he lives” (par. 1). For example, one living under a democratic government, should be educated to be democratic. To avoid clashes of values, and thoughts; citizens are to be educated in the same way.
Aristotle argued that education should be a public system, and not a private one. “And since the whole city has one end, it is manifest that education should be one and the same for all, and that it should be public, and not private” (Jowett, par. 2). Children should not be educated, and... [continues]
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