Table of Acronymes2
1.1.Characteristics of the industry3
1.2.Arianespace Company and Ariane 53
2.Launcher building process: a fix position layout6
2.1.The Babel tower of suppliers6
2.2.The supply chain structure during the different steps of the process8
3.1.Process and product innovation9
3.2.An open innovation opportunity9
3.3.The dilemma of inovation9
2.1. Characteristics of the industry
Historically the Space Industry is strongly related to the Aeronautic Industry. However, it differs by the type of product and the market. Its main actors are either company which are only dealing with spatial industry, like Space X, or aeronautics’ company that have a space industry branch like EADS or Boeing, and defence company like Thales. This industry is also differencing itself by the quality of the products that are responding to strict norms to deal with the very binding spatial environment. The products have to be space qualified. We already find a high quality in aeronautic industry regarding the responsibility for safety for transporting people. But spatial equipment has to be even more reliable since nothing can be fixed when it is out there, there is no “space breakdown mechanic”. Indeed, the impracticability to work in space rise the demand of reliability which challenge the technology and therefore increase the financial input. Those huge financial and technological difficulties make it a quasi-monopolies industry supported by governments. This industry includes the satellite manufacturing the support ground equipment manufacturing, and the launch industry which we will focus on.
2.2. Arianespace Company and Ariane 5
Our study will focus the supply chain of Arianespace European Company for their conception of the launcher Ariane 5. Ariane 5 is a space launcher of ESA, European Space Agency, developed for launching satellites in geostationary orbit. It is part of the Ariane launcher family which has been developed since 1995 to replace Ariane 4 which capacities did not permit to be competitive in the market. This launcher is commercialised by Arianespace Company which succeed to do from five to seven launching by year from the launching centre in Kourou, Guyana. Few versions have been developed but the latest is the ECA version that permits to launch 10,317 tonnes of utile charge in geostationary orbit and 20 tonnes in low orbit. Ariane 5 is built by a consortium of European companies under the commandment of Astrium Space. However, the equipment and subsystem supplier layers are fragmented – at least in part reinforced by the ‘fair return’ rules of European Space Agency (ESA) programmes, by which industrial contracts are distributed geographically in proportion to Member State contributions to Agency programmes.
This case study will begin with a quick overview of the launch vehicles competitors, including a presentation of the chosen company. Then, the analysis will highlight the external entities that take part on the process of building the launcher, how they are related and what is the supply chain is structured. Finally, this will be summarised with a mapping schema. This analysis will conclude with the importance and the impact of the innovation of the launcher Ariane 5, on the supply chain. EADS
ASTRIUM SPACE TRANSPORTATION
ASTRIUM SPACE TRANSPORTATION
1.1. Arianespace Strategy
As shown in Figure 1.3, the value of the commercial launch market over the last two decades has gone through sustained periods of growth and...