ARE THERE UNIVERSAL MORAL REQUIREMENTS AND IS SOME MORALS UNIVESRALLY KNOWN AS WRONG? CHALLENGES TO RELATIVISM Heidi Derflinger
June 13, 2011
ARE THERE UNIVERSAL MORAL REQUIREMENTS AND IS SOME MORALS UNIVERSALLY KNOWN AS WRONG? CHALLENGES TO RELATIVISM Imagine you are a philosopher/thinker, attending a conference where the following questions arise; Are there universal moral requirements? Are there some morals universally known as wrong? One philosopher, Lenn Goodman argues that there are some certain morals known as simply wrong. Lenn Goodman states there are four moral areas he believes as morally wrong: “(1) genocide, politically induced famine, and germ warfare; (2) terrorism, hostage taking, and child warriors; (3) slavery, polygamy, and incest; and (4) rape and female genital cutting” (Goodman, 2010). The conference leaves you and the other thinkers/philosophers, to answer whether he/she believes if Lenn Goodman is right or not and what challenges it presents to relativism. After there is much debate, there is a possibility that the questions will remain, “Are there universal moral requirements and is there some morals known as universally wrong?” This researcher believes it all depends upon how an individual perceives these questions, in relation to his or her own beliefs. To answer whether there are universal moral requirements or not, if some morals are universally wrong and whether Goodman or the researcher/thinker is wrong or right is difficult to answer because it is possible to say that neither side is wrong or right because it is relativism. There is also a possibility that there may or may not be moral requirements, some morals may be known as universally wrong or not because it is possible to conclude that relativism challenges the possibility that moral requirements and whether they are universally known may or may not exist. Because whether they exist or not is one’s own individual belief, their individual cultures beliefs, and...
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