Are Gender Roles Defined by Society or by Genetics?

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Are gender roles defined by society or by genetics? Basically gender roles are a combination of both sociological and biological features. Gender is not what you see in front of you, the sex you are born with but also how you think, feel, act and react in some situations. It is how you were raised to be and how you shaped yourself to become as you grow. “Peeling away theories on gender and the brain” by Katherine Bouton and “Why gender Matters: What parents and teachers need to know about the emerging science of sex differences” by Sax Leonard are two articles which contest the different views of gender. “Peeling away theories on gender and the brain” by Katherine Bouton is an article that is taken from a sociological point of view. In this article, Katherine is reviewing Dr. Fine’s book called Delusions of Gender. She reveals her interpretation as a reader on how Dr. Fine defines gender. In her book Dr. Fine writes “low levels of testosterone in men, lead to small left hemisphere and leaving them with more development of right hemisphere, which gives those talents such as artistic, musical and mathematical. On the other hand, female have collaborative brain, which makes them more talkative”. However, several studies found no size difference in two hemispheres in infants. Dr. Fine points toward biology when it comes to gender differences and why males and females behave differently. According to Dr. Fine there is no such difference in the mind of human beings. A study done by Dr. Baron-Cohen’s lab conducted research on infants. One of her students who conducted the experiment, used mobiles and her own face to see which infant looked more at her face than at the mobile. The studies revealed that male infants focused on the mobile, while females focused more on the face. However, this test was considered flawed because the doctor knew what gender the infants were before conducting the experiment and the mobiles were not in a set position. Dr. Fine disagreed with this idea, thinking that “the student might have held up the mobile longer for boys or looked more widely and directly at girls.” Over all, the argument is that there is no convincing connection made between any measured structural

differences to behavioral differences. According to Dr. Fine “it’s all in the brain.” At the end, she indirectly supported socialization by saying “The more I was treated as a woman, the more woman I became.” This means that individuals begin to act or hold themselves to the way they think that society wants them to be. Expert form Psychology today blog, state that there are evidences that show minimal or no differences in gender. Researchers sell more Magazines and newspapers just to make more money and gain scientific recognition. This blog also states that “beliefs often lead to self- fulfilling prophecies. The more we believe something is true, the more we are likely to act in a way that makes it come true.” Over all idea of this blog is to show that it is society that controls gender differences. The article “Why gender matters: What parents and Teachers need to know about the emerging science of sex differences” is about a book revision of Dr. Sax, in which he talks about that gender differences are created biologically. Although society rules on Gender are overtaking biological factors. He says that it is also important to know how girls and boys are developed and raised. One example to support this is single sex activities. He also points out that there are genetic differences on how men and women think, act react, and feel. Studies also show that boys talk more about drawing verbs such as, “An alien about to eat somebody.” whereas, girls talk about drawing verbs like plant and trees. Girls develop an early connection between a brain structure called amgdala and the cerebral cortex, which facilitate girls to talk about their feelings more openly. In boys these connections develop later on in life, that’s...
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