Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 36 (2012) 476 – 484
AcE-Bs 2011 Bandung ASEAN Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies, Savoy Homann Bidakara Bandung Hotel, Bandung, Indonesia, 15-17 June 2011
Public Space for Marginal People
Diponegoro University, Prof.Sudharto SH Street, Semarang, 5026, Indonesia
Abstract Public space is for public use (adapted from Moudon, 1987). A good public space must accommodative for everyone included the marginal, the forgotten, the silent (Badshah, 1996), and an undesirable people. They are informal street vendors; street people, different ability people, women, children, elderly, and others marginalized community. So far, these problems, as well as other social issues are clearly unresolved in the master plan of the city. "Cities for the Citizen '(Douglas & Friedmann, 1998) serves a slogan. Informal sector and the marginalized become the forgotten elements in urban space (Out of Place, [Yatmo, 2008]). Therefore, a formulation to solve the problems is needed. So, how to create accommodative public space for marginal people and marginal uses? Based on qualitative descriptive method, we will formulate the ideal public space for marginal people. Then the result shows that we need the certainty space for everyone. When there is a written proof upon the space for legality urban plan for the marginalized community, the issues are automatically resolved. When the physical aspects of space can accommodate the space needs of the Forgotten (Badshah, 1996), accommodative public space will be created. Thus, as society will be educated to learn and share, to respect the rights of other users in the city, and consequently the physical quality of the visual city will be better because there are no annexation of space and overlapping activities. © 2011 Published Elsevier B.V. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of Centre for Environment-Behaviour © 2012 Published byby Elsevier Ltd. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of Centre for EnvironmentBehaviour Studies (cE-Bs), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia Studies(cE-Bs), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia Keywords: Public space; marginal people; marginal uses
* Corresponding author. Tel.: +62-24-7460054; fax: +62-24-7460054. E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
1877-0428 © 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies(cE-Bs), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.03.052
Wakhidah Kurniawati / Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 36 (2012) 476 – 484
1. Introduction According to the Oxford Learner’s Pocket Dictionary (1983), we know that public is the opposite of private or people in general. Space means the unlimited expanse in which all objects are located (Dictionary.com, Random House, 2011). Space is the result of human engineering to accommodate various forms of life, should be room to stimulate human behavior and social life (Setiawan 2004 at Firdaus 2007). The public does not just mean as a society, but the representation of all parties who are citizens of the city, businessmen, civil servants, street vendors, youth and housewives (Syamsura 2005 at Firdaus 2007). So, public space (Wikipedia, cited at 2011) means a social space as a town square that is open and accessible to all, regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, and age or socio economic level. There is no fee and no discriminative entrants on background in public space. Actually, public space has a function as an agglomeration of people, objects and events (Madanipour, 1996:3). Public spaces have at least three basic things those are responsive, democratic and meaningful (Carr, 1992:19). Responsive means that public space should...