Architects of the 20th Century

Topics: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright, Philip Johnson Pages: 4 (1012 words) Published: March 5, 2012
Architect Eero Saarinen
TWA Terminal, JFK Airport, New York
Architect Eero Saarinen(1910-1961), classified as a Neo-Expressionist, brought a sculptor's sensibility to his buildings. Neo-Expressionism architecture is modernist and abstract, but with romantic imagery and the intuitive shapes. Saarinen is best known for the TWA Terminal, JFK Airport, New York, where he captured the excitement of flight with giant wings of concrete. Other examples of the Neo-Expressionism style of architecture are the Sydney, Australia, Opera House, by Jorn Utzon, the work of Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright's Guggenheim Museum. 

Architect Frank Lloyd Wright

• American architect Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) is the most famous architect of the twentieth century and one of the most prolific. Wright defined his Prairie School style of architecture with organic buildings that extend the indoors to the outside. Prairie style houses cling to their site with low-slung projecting roofs that suggest security and shelter. Inside, Wright used open, unobstructed floor plans so that space flowed from room to room. Wright often designed the interior fixtures and furniture, too. His authentic, democratic style was influenced by his famous mentor, architect Louis Sullivan. The first Prairie House was the Robie House in Chicago. Fallingwater is Wright's most famous residence, a set of sweeping cantilevered planes anchored to the ledge above a spectacular waterfall. His final work, the famous Guggenheim Museum in New York, an example of Neo-Expressionism architecture, was completed just before his death. For the Guggenheim, Wright created a continuous, flowing space with a multi-floor spiral ramp, flooded with light from the sky dome. Several movies have been made about the life of Frank Lloyd Wright. 

Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

German architect Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe (1886-1969) summed up his design philosophy as "Less is more," and "God is in the details." Mies, along with...
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