Archery as a Sport

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Archery is a sport that involves shooting with a bow and arrow at a target. Analysing your own performance is a great way to improve personal sporting performance. Understanding the biomechanics and using sport psychology is effective in performance. Biomechanics relates to the laws of mechanics and physics to human performance (Shooting Techniques Biomechanics, 2007). However psychology is the study of the mind and behaviour. Some biomechanics principles that are related to archery include balance, first class levers, newtons first law of motion and the projectile/height of the release of the arrow. Static balance refers to balance in the situation in which a set position must be maintained for a period of time, as in target sports like archery ad shooting; here the maintenance of a balanced and stable posture is essential for attaining accuracy. In archery, static balance has to be maintained while a force is applied (Hayri E. and Rafet I, 2006). For example, in archery there is a reaction force due to bow movement and the shooting of the arrow. High levels of balance in a sporting activity are dependent on the area of the base of support, the position of the center of gravity and the mass (body weight) of the performer. A wide, but comfortable, positioning of the feet aids the static balance in archery (David Lloyd, 2010). Thus, the area of the base of support is maximised within the ability of the performer to control his or her posture. In Archery there is a force of motion called inertia. According the Newton’s first law, an object at rest will remain at rest unless acted on by an unbalanced force, and an object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force (Archery and Shooting Olympic Games, 2010). For example, the firing of the arrow is related to Newton’s first law, when pulling the string of the bow back and then letting it go. The inertia of the string...
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