Arabization

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Arabization

The concept of Arabization :
Arabization is used in the literature in four different senses: 1) It could be used to mean borrowing foreign words without changing them like أكسجين and نانو. These words are described as دخيلة . Sometimes these words are adapted to the phonological and morphological systems of Arabic; e.g., تلفزيون and they are described as معربة. (linguistic dimension) 2) It could be used to mean translating from other languages into Arabic. In this sense, Arabization started in the Arab world approximately 1200 years ago when Arab scholars in the Umayyad and Abbasid eras were engaged in translating Greek, Roman and Persian books in different fields of knowledge such as medicine and philosophy. Their efforts in translation as well as their own achievements gave rise to the Islamic civilization. (linguistic dimension) 3) It could be used to mean using Arabic as the language of administration in a country. 4) It could be used to mean using Arabic as the language of the country in all aspects of life (education, administration, everyday conversation, etc.), representing its Islamic and Arabic identity. The first meaning is the one used in the Arab East (المشرق العربي) and the last one in the Arab West (المغرب العربي). Arabization in the Arab West gained importance and was extended to include these political, national social and cultural dimensions because they felt that their Arabic culture, their language, their identity and their own existence were endangered by the colonizers,

The political and national dimensions of Arabization:
Arabization is important on these levels for the following reasons: 1. Reinforcing national identity:
Arabization aims at reviving and developing the unique national Arab identity and emphasizing all that distinguish Arabs as an independent social race. This notion is more strongly felt in the Arab West because it is considered a national cause that is related to national identity, traditional heritage, dignity and destiny. For a country like Algiers, Arabization is to restore the Arabic language after being abandoned for over 130 years. This means that they have been denied their true identity and cultural dignity for 130 years. To restore their lost identity, a law has been issued that imposes the use of Arabic in education, administration and in everyday conversation. These people are aware that once the national identity of a nation is established, its existence becomes a reality.

2. Consolidating Arab existence:
Arabic is the language of more than 200 million people in the Arab world. Despite their great numbers, their existence was suppressed by the western colonizing powers, and their influence in the international arena was next to nothing. Therefore, immediately after getting independence, Arab leaders adopted policies that encouraged Arabization for the purpose of consolidating their existence on the international scene as independent countries with their own national identity. To enhance their economical and political independence they revived their own culture trying to eliminate the remaining influence of the colonization period on education, society and culture. 3. Strengthening Arab unity and solidarity:

The broad meaning of Arabization , which is the domination of Arabic in society, cannot be set apart from Arab solidarity. Having one culture, one language and one identity enhances the feelings of unity and solidarity among Arabs. The cultural and social dimensions of Arabization :

When French was declared as the official language of education and thought in the colonized countries in North Africa, it was not meant to be a medium of education and cultivation or for spreading knowledge but was rather a practical way for cultural invasion so that people would owe allegiance to France. This cultural invasion aimed at creating citizens who would act like the French people but not to be considered French...
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