“All of us who are concerned for peace and triumph of reason and justice must be keenly aware how small an influence reason and honest good will exert upon events in the political field” was said by Albert Einstein. His quote can clearly depict the current political instability that is facing the country of Libya after having their own “Arab Spring” by overthrowing 40 years of Gaddafi regime (8). The question now is how can a country recover the destruction from the unchallenged tyrant? I do believe that the “Arab Spring” has left a new Libya with severe and longstanding challenges. Libyans will begin a new life after Gaddafi in terms of reconstruction of their legal, civic, political and moral standards that make a functioning society and government. It is not yet clear where new leadership will come from and for how long it will remain a very weak state for a considerable amount of time. I will be analyzing Libya will have a difficult time implementing democracy, how the business investments will be affected because of the turmoil, the possible arise of more conflicts within the population and the compromised relations with other countries. By utilizing Iraq’s situation of experiencing a social revolt as example it will demonstrate how Libya will have a long battle ahead of them. The term of the “Arab Spring” can be described as a revolutionary wave that hit most of the Arab nations through protests and demonstrations. The commencement of the wave happened back in December 17, 2010 when Tunisia overthrew their government after Mohamed Bouazizi burned himself in front of government buildings in protest against living his poor state of life in the country. Tunisians were fed with their President Ben Ali who had governed the country for the past 23 years filled with corruption, unemployment, poverty and lack of freedom. The wave of the Arab Spring overthrew the Tunisian president and proceeded on to Egypt where the president Hosni Mubarak awaited the same fait with his flaws just like the Tunisian president. Next on the wave was Libya. The president Muammar Gaddafi, who had reined the country for the past 34 years, gained the power of Libya through a bloodless military coup in 1969 from King Idris. He abolished the Libyan constitution after receiving the power and followed his creation of “Green Book” based on his political ideology. It was only a matter of time till the Libyans had their turn to participate in the wave of the “Arab Spring”. In reality, Mummar Gaddafi had this revolt broiling very steadily for his past and current actions as leader of Libya. Libyans were tired of his banning all opposition to his rule, having the testimony of women and non-Muslims inadmissible in criminal cases and having his forces fire upon peaceful demonstrators back in February of this year. He not only denied freedom of speech he sets Libyan salaries to just $200 a month, awful healthcare, infrastructure, educational systems and changed the Libyan currency without consent of the population. Libyans had enough of Gaddafi’s antics and commenced overthrew his power August 23rd. It is said that there was no individual group of people, more so the Libyans collectively overthrew Gaddafi and his regime of supporters. Implementing Democracy
Democracy can be defined as “ government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system”(14). In an idealistic world Libya would change their political system from their previous mixed system of civil and Islamic law (15). However, by changing the Libyans to a democratic system practiced in the Western world can come as a great challenge. We have seen from past political struggles where there has been dictatorship that there is no alternative to building a free and democratic society. In order to ensure that the political authority will understand the Libyans and...
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