Aquinas' Arguments

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Aquinas' First Argument, Motion
(1) Objects are in motion.
(2) If something is in motion, then it must be caused to be in motion by something outside of itself. (3) There can be no infinite chain of movers/movees.
(4) So there is a first, unmoved mover.
(5) Therefore, God exists.
Aquinas' Fifth Argument, From Design
(1) Among objects that act for an end, some have minds, whereas others do not. (2) An object that acts for an end, but does not itself have a mind, must have been created by a being that has a mind. (3) So there exists a being with a mind who designed all mindless objects that act for an end. (4) Hence, God exists.

Aquinas' Second Argument, Causality
(1) Some events cause other events.
(2) If an event happens, then it must be caused by something outside of itself. (3) There can be no infinite cause/effect chains.
(4) So, there is a first, uncaused cause.
(5) Therefore God exists.
Life forms were created in approximately their current state, recently and nearly simultaneously. But since the entrance of sin, degeneration and decay have appeared, and the law of love and cooperation has been to some extent replaced by the law of hatred and competition. We can assume that organisms were originally created to be best adapted to fulfill their place in existence, which does not mean that they were created to be reproducing machines or fitness machines. As for why the particular organisms were created that were created, the principle of unity and variety, theme and variations, seems to be present. Many body plans are illustrated and many ecological niches are filled. We have soft animals, animals with shells, animals with bones on the inside, moving animals, stationary animals, air animals, animals in the trees, animals on land, animals in the soil, animals in the sea, animals of various sizes, and so on. It is even possible that the Lord did not create all the animals from scratch, but may have taken parts of one animal to create the next one. As for why the Lord used the same design for different purposes at times, and different designs for the same purpose, we can assume that the same design is sometimes suited for more than one purpose, and that for different organisms, different designs may be better adapted for a given purpose. We can also recall that there has been limited evolution and degeneration since the creation, influencing the life forms existing at present. The Lord even created the marvelous hereditary machinery found in organisms today, by which life can adapt to changing conditions. It is a marvel of Divine wisdom that the entrance of death, not originally part of God's plan, could be used by Him in this way to enable life to adapt to the conditions of a fallen world. Rather than having life begin in very simple forms - proteins, bacteria, algae, etc., and then gradually evolve into more complex forms, the theory of creation says that creatures started out as distinct and separate organisms when God created them. Although these distinct creatures have the capability to adapt to their surroundings to a certain extent, Creationists do not believe that they change into completely different and distinct animals through evolution. For example, Creationists do not believe that single-celled organisms evolved into more complex plants and animals, finally culminating in modern Homo Sapiens. Creationists are among the harshest critics of the theory of evolution. They have been instrumental in pointing out weaknesses in the scientific evidence. What are those weaknesses? * Although there is plenty of evidence for adaptive changes in species (microevolution), we do not in recorded history see one species becoming an entirely different, more highly evolved organism. For example, we have no examples in recorded history of a fish becoming an amphibian or even a bacteria evolving into anything other than a bacteria. *The fossil record does not show the gradual changes that Darwin predicted. * There can...
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