Apwh Study Guide 13-15

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APWH Ch. 13-15 Test Review
Chapter 13 The Commonwealth of Byzantium
1. According to Procopius, two sixth century Christian monks undertook an elaborate smuggling operation to provide Byzantium with the knowledge to produce A. Steel
B. Iron
C. Ceramics
D. Silk

2. The only classical society that survived in the centuries after 200 C.E. was the A. Han dynasty
B. Byzantine Empire
C. Hellenistic Empire
D. Mauryan dynasty

3. Byzantium's major advantage was
A. Its position as the greatest trading center of the Greek world B. Its huge army
C. Its strategic position on the Bosporus
D. Its magnificent library, which contained the cultural treasures of the Hellenistic world

4. Which of the following statements about Constantinople is not true? A. It was built in an attempt to revitalize the impoverished eastern half of the Roman Empire B. It was constructed by Constantine

C. It allowed the imperial court to keep watch on the Sasanid Empire in Persia D. It was built because the eastern half was the wealthier and more productive part of the empire

5. Which part of the Mediterranean basin was never part of the Byzantine Empire? A. Anatolia
B. Greece
C. Italy
D. Arabia

6. Up through the eighth century, the chief foreign threat to the eastern Roman Empire was A. The resurgence of power by the Ptolemies in Egypt
B. The Germanic tribes
C. The Guptas in India
D. The Sasanid emperors

7. The most important political feature of the Byzantine state was A. Its docile acceptance of Rome's superiority
B. Its republican governmental structure that resembled early Rome C. Its tightly centralized rule under a powerful emperor
D. Its division of power under the tetrarchs

8. The mixture of secular and religious authority that marked Constantine's reign as well as that of the Byzantine emperors is known as A. Byzantine
B. Caesaropapism
C. Corpus iuris civilis
D. Secularism

9. Historians use the term caesaropapism to refer to
A. The European struggle between church and state
B. The split between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches C. The attempt by later Roman emperors to abolish the papacy D. The system in which the emperor has a mixture of political and religious authority

10. The adjective byzantine, drawn from the government of Byzantium, stands for A. An immensely powerful imperial system
B. A legalistic tradition
C. Divine sanction
D. Unnecessary complexity and convolution

11. Theodora's career before marrying Justinian was as a A. Mother superior in a nunnery
B. Lady in waiting at the central court because of her family connections C. Church cleric, one of the few women to hold this position D. Striptease artist

12. Hagia Sophia was
A. The wife of Justinian, who proved to be a wise adviser B. The magnificent church at Constantinople
C. The legal foundation for Justinian's Code
D. Justinian's most dangerous political enemy

13. Justinian's most important and long-lasting political achievement was A. His reconquest of the western half of the Roman Empire B. His democratic reforms
C. His religious compromise between the Roman Catholic and the Greek Orthodox churches D. His codification of Roman law

14. Justinian's issuance of the Corpus iuris civilis
A. Won recognition as the definitive codification of Roman law B. Outlawed the Greens and Blues
C. Brought immediate excommunication from the pope
D. Inspired the First Crusade

15. Italy, Sicily, northwestern Africa, and southern Spain were brought back under imperial control by the military victories of A. Theodora
B. Belisarius
C. Basil II
D. Charlemagne

16. Constantinople withstood sieges in 674-678 and 717-718 by A. The Sasanids
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