AP US HISTORY UNIT 9 ESSAY
Analyze the impact of any TWO of the following on the American industrial worker between 1865 and 1900. The industrial revolution had been made known all over the world, causing huge waves of immigrants to crash into urban cities of the United States. Because of this, many factories sprang up and a typical American industrial worker had to face problems because of immigration and also labor unions, which were created in order to protect factory workers from unfair bosses. Immigration was seen as a pro for business and factory owners for they were hungry for jobs and would take any no matter how little the pay. These immigrants were seen as ravenous job-stealing people that made the gap in between bosses and their employers even bigger. Most Americans did not think it was fair to have non natives take their jobs and land. Since there were so many immigrants during this time, factory workers were seen as objects that could be replaced any moment. If an American factory worker was to complain about his pay cut, then he could easily be fired and replaced by an Irish immigrant. Employers could use many methods to put down rebellious behavior. They could use the yellow-dog contract, which was an agreement between the employer and the employee that the employee may not join any unions. Employers could also use the blacklist method, which was a secret list where an employee’s name would be added on if they had complained and quit and this list would be passed around to employers of other factories, guaranteeing the person unemployment. In extreme cases, federal troops could be called in to force the workers to work. Immigrants also emphasized the idea of nativism to the American people. Nativists wanted immigrants to go back to their homeland because they did not belong in the States. In 1882, the government passes the Chinese Exclusion Act which restricted Chinese immigrants from entering the United States. The...
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