Apush Notes Chapters 1-6

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Chapter1- When Old Worlds Collide: Contact, Conquest, Catastrophe I. Peoples in Motion
A. The United States is a nation of immigrants
B. Even Natives of the country are immigrants from different countries who roamed the land as a strange new world. C. From Beringia to the Americas
1. Beringia is a piece of land that was created because of the glaciers that captured all of the water causing a piece of land to form which was then called Beringia. 2. Berinigia had very tough climates causing the people who live there to have amazing survival skills. 3. The people from Beringia then began to migrate to North America and were the very first humans on North America. 4. The glaciers would recede every once in a while and would allow people to migrate to North America. 5. This allowed many people to migrate there and would allow them to even reach Tierra del Fuego which is on the southern tip of South America. 6. Asians would migrate in three waves and they spoke a language called Amerind. D. The great extinction and the Rise of Agriculture

1. Every time the glaciers would recede it would allow them to have an outstanding environment for agriculture and hunting big game. 2. The superior spear points use had spread throughout North and South America and was called a Clovis tip. 3. The human population had a large rise and with the rise in population came the extinction of large beasts 4. Since these large beasts were the main source of food the human population once again declined and they had to begin finding alternative food sources. 5. Neolithic is a practice that started due to the fact that they couldn’t depend solely on hunting as a main source of food 6. This practice included the domestication of animals and the beginning of harvesting crops for food. 7. The United States would yield many different crops than those of Europe and many other countries. 8. The population again began to increase.

E. The Norsemen
1. Europeans began to trek long distances and some of them began to gaze westward across the ocean. 2. Vikings occupied Iceland in the beginning in A.D. 874. 3. Erik’s Norse occupied Vinland and Greenland but lost them in the 12th century. 4. The Norse then had no impact on the course of American History II. Europe and the World by the 15th Century

A. China: Rejection of Overseas Expansion
1. China under the Ming Dynasty was the world’s most complex culture. 2. Chinese had many inventions including the compass.
3. Most of what Europe new about china came from The Travels of Marco Polo, written by a merchant from Venice. 4. China was under the emperor Kublai Khan for the next 20 years. 5. This Khan was the mightiest man and had a capital city which was the world’s largest and grandest. 6. China did not explore the world because they believed that their culture was the best and that all other cultures had nothing to offer to them. B. Europe versus Islam

1. Europeans desired the fine skills of China and was suffering severe disadvantages. 2. Even though Europe was suffering many disadvantages, they had made impressive gains in the middle ages. 3. 100 million people occupied Europe and the farmers couldn’t keep up when the weather began to get cooler famines began and the Black Death (bubonic plague) began. 4. This reduced the population by more than 1/3.

5. European societies began to compete with one another in gaining access to these resources and in mastering new maritime and military techniques. C. The Legacy of the Crusades
1. Europe had a heritage of expansion that derived from the efforts of the crusaders to conquer the holy land from Islam. 2. After they were driven from the holy land they retreated to the Mediterranean islands of Cyprus, Malta, Crete, and Rhodes, where they used slaves to raise sugar can or grapes. 3. Long before Columbus these planters had created the...
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