In the early 1800s, America changed in a lot of ways in a short amount of time. The change that occurred was, for the most part, the result of the industrial development. The industrial advancements in the early 1800s had a huge amount of consequences, both positive and negative. But the industrial development from 1800 to 1860 affected the North and the South in hugely different ways. The prominent differences eventually caused an amazing amount of tension between the two regions as they moved in completely separate directions. Mainly, the North and the South differentiated when it came to cultures, economies, and political views.
With the dawn of the 19th century, there were three revolutions that completely altered the United States. The Market Revolution was the shift from mercantile system of trading centers to a capitalist economy, based on production and consumption. The Transportation Revolution was the result of increased factory production, which created a need for more transportation. With the great advancements in transportation, there came markets that need increased factory production and commercial hubs. These two revolutions went hand in hand and fed off each other. Thirdly, there was the American Industrial Revolution, which was the transition from cottage industry to outwork, and from outwork to the factory.
These revolutions affected regions of the country differently. While the South continued to be an agricultural society, the North quickly invested in, and changed into, a society that ran off factories and manufacturing products. The majority of the country’s factories were in the North, while almost all raw materials came from the South. When looking at the geography and climate of each region, this seems to make sense. In the North, there are more and faster rivers, which encouraged transportation and helped factories. It’s also cooler in the North, with more mountains, which doesn’t provide the ideal farming setup. In the South, the...
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