Chapter 17 Terms
Ten Percent Plan- When the number of Confederates reached 10 percent of the number who had voted in the 1860 election, this group could establish a legitimate state government. Focused on acceptance by the reconstructed governments of the abolition of slavery. Radical Republicans- Advocated not only equal rights for the freed-men but a tougher stance toward the white south. Wade-Davis Bill- Required 50 percent of a seceding states white male citizens to take a loyalty oath before elections could be held for a convention to rewrite the states constitution. Also guaranteed equality before the law for former slaves. Forty Acres and a Mule- Each family would receive forty acres of land and the loan of mules from the army. Soon captured the imagination of African Americans throughout the South. Freedmen’s Bureau- Provided food, clothing, and fuel to destitute former slaves. Charged with supervising and managing all the abandoned lands in the South and the control of all subjects relating to refugees and freedmen. War Democrats- Nominated Johnson for vice president. Republicans in an appeal to northern and border states did this. Black Codes- Outraged Northern republicans that was passed by South Carolina and Louisiana. Designed to restrict the freedom of the black labor force and keep freed people as close to slave status as possible. Civil Rights Act of 1866- Gave full citizenship to African Americans. Congressional Reconstruction- Name given to the period 1867-1870 when the Republican- dominated Congress controlled Reconstruction-era policy. Reconstruction Act- 1867 act that divided the South into five military districts subject to martial law. Tenure of Office Act- Act stipulating that any officeholder appointed by the president with the Senate’s advice and consent could not be removed until the Senate had approved a successor. Ku Klux Klan- Founded as a Tennessee social club emerged as an instrument of terror. The...
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