American Pageant: Edition 13
Chapter 1 Notes
Founding the New Nation
The people who settled in America didn’t want to found a new nation. They were Europeans who continued to view themselves as Europeans, and they regarded America as the “western rim of a transatlantic European world”. The settlers who came to America were much alike. They spoke English and wanted an agricultural society. They grew to cherish the ideals like individual liberty, self-government, religious tolerance, and economic opportunities. The geographic and climate differences are what diversified the thirteen colonies. The Shaping of North America
Geologic forces of continental plates created the Appalachian and Rocky Mountains The Ice Age went over North America and scoured the American Midwest The Appalachian Mountains were probably formed even before continental separation, around 350 million years ago. The ranges of western North American arose more recently, around 135-25 million years ago. The Great Ice Age started 2 million years ago and the land bridge retreated 10,000 years ago. Peopling the Americas
The Land Bridge theory is thought to have been a land mass that linked Asia and North America before the sea level rose and sealed it off The Land Bridge probably happened 35,000 years ago.
The people who came over slowly populated the Americas by about 54 million. The groups that came over the land bridge spread across North, Central, and South America. Incas: Peru, elaborate network of roads and bridges, linking the empire Mayans: Yucatan Peninsula, step pyramids
Aztecs: Mexico, step pyramids and a lot of sacrifices, especially those they conquered The Earliest Americans
Corn was developed in 5000 B.C. It helped Mexicans transform from hunter-gatherers toward more of a settled agricultural society. Complex maize culture spreaded slowly from Mexico to the north east, into North America. In as late as 1000. The Creeks, Choctaws, and Cherokees planted three...
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