Apush Chap. 15-16 Short Essay

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1. Mulatto population- a person who is born from one white parent and one black parent, or more broadly, a person of mixed black and white ancestry

2. Plantation system-The system used in the south that allowed for the rich of the south to have many slaves, and kept the poor the same way. A class system that did not allow for movement between classes

3. In what ways did American literature in the early nineteenth century reflect the New Democracy of the Jacksonian age?

4. The text’s authors contend that early-nineteenth-century Americans “were more interested in practical gadgets than in pure science,” and it is widely believed that Americans have always had a love affair with technology. Why?

5. To what extent were abolitionists extremists when they undertook to abolish slavery?

6. What was the relationship between industrialization and the women’s rights movement? What did women reformers want?

7. To what extent did extreme abolitionists do more harm than good, with regard to the slavery problem?

8. Theodore Dwight Weld- American abolitionist whose pamphlet Slavery As It Is (1839) inspired the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, a prominent abolitionist in the 1830's; Put together a group called the "Land Rebels"

9. Frederick Douglass-The most prominent black abolitionist leader; Slave that escaped to the north and became an influential African American writer and lecturer

10. Sojourner Truth-New Yorker abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women

11. Nat Turner-slave of Virginia that led a slave rebellion in the early eighteen hundreds, the rebellion failed and he was executed

12. Harriet Beecher Stowe-Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin that made Europeans and Americans alike dislikes the idea of slavery. Second great awakening author.

13. Arthur and Lewis Tappan-New York abolitionists who gained legal help and acquittal for the Africans and managed to increase public support and fund-raising for the organized return trip home to Africa for surviving members of the group

14. David Walker- Black abolitionist who called for the immediate emancipation of slaves; Wrote the "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World"; It called for a bloody end to white supremacy; Believed that the only way to end slavery was for slaves to physically revolt

15. John Quincy Adams-Former president who fought for the right to discuss slavery in Congress

16. William Lloyd Garrison-White abolitionist, writer of the editorial The Liberator

17. Elijah P. Lovejoy-An American Presbyterian minister, journalist, and newspaper editor who was murdered by a mob in Alton, Illinois for his abolitionist views

18. Denmark Vesey-United States freed slave and insurrectionist in South Carolina who was involved in planning an uprising of slaves and was hanged (1767-1822)

19. Gag Resolution-Strict rule passed by prosouthern Congressmen in 1836 to prohibit all discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives

20. The authors claim that early-nineteenth century America, public schools “existed chiefly to educate the children of the poor.” Why were the upper and lower class Americans willing to support public education with their tax dollars?

21. Elaborate on the text authors’ comment that with the invention of the cotton gin, “the slave [was]… chained to the gin and the planter to the slave.

They meant that slavery, which was dying out, was reinvigorated. Because cotton was now the most viable crop, planters were forced to farm cotton with slave labor (the most efficient way at the time), or face ruin.

22. Assess the validity of the following statement, “slaves were better off than both wage earners in northern industry and free blacks back in Africa.” Do you agree? Why or why not?

The Northerners were dedicated to equal rights, but did little to help the...
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