Apush Ch 10 Notes

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America: Past and Present
Chapter 10: The Triumph of White Men’s Democracy

You wanna see democracy in action? Then check out the hotels of the 1820s and 30s. The poor and the rich stayed in rooms next to each other, ate at the same tables, and walked in the same halls. However, there were limits to this type of equality…especially if you were not white. In theory, you got in if you could pay. But this was true only for white men.

DEMOCRACY IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
Democracy came to reflect the idea of popular sovereignty
Also social leveling and the decline of deference
Opportunity and self-made men were the order of the day
The founding fathers considered democracy to be direct rule of the people
A concept they feared and rejected
Jacksonians considered “the voice of the people” to be “the voice of God”
Democracy and Society
No one could expect social privilege because of family ties
European visitors noted the lack of first class accommodations
The word “servant” was disappearing; in its place was “help”
Domestic workers were not considered a social subclass
Members of different earning groups dressed similarly
Democracy expressed itself in medicine, law and religion
Unorthodox “healers” were given place alongside doctors
Local bars allowed lower standards in some areas
The clergy came under more control of the laity
The popular press became increasingly important
Written and read by common people
Many small venues and a few influential papers with large readership
Democratic Culture
Democratic expression in literature and art
Popular taste v. elite or traditional culture
Romanticism was “adapted” to sentimentalism in popular literature
Formulaic gothic novels sold well
Possible because of increased literacy
Also cheaper printing
More novels written by women
Focused on avoiding vice and tricking evil suitors
Virtuous women eventually found virtuous men
Melodrama became popular in theater
Stock characters: bad man, good woman, good man
Also patriotic themes (evil man=European!)
Bad acting or scripts could result in riots
Patrons behaved raucously
Artists captured everyday subjects
HYPERLINK "http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/mount_william_sidney.html" William Sydney Mount and HYPERLINK "http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/bingham_george_caleb.html" George Caleb Bingham

Credo: Never paint for the few but for the many
Architecture was viewed as civic art
Reflected Greek forms and styles
“Monumental impressiveness” at a low cost
Sculpture used heroic Americans as subjects
For public admiration and inspiration
HYPERLINK "http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/greenough_horatio.html" Horatio Greenough and HYPERLINK "http://www.kittytours.org/thatman2/search.asp?subject=25" Clark Mills were prominent
“Higher “ culture emphasized self-reliance, transcendentalism
HYPERLINK "http://www.online-literature.com/henry_longfellow/" Longfellow, HYPERLINK "http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA01/Lisle/dial/lowell.html" Lowell and HYPERLINK "http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/LIT/holmes.htm" Holmes—the “Brahmin Poets”

HYPERLINK "http://www.online-literature.com/hawthorne/" Hawthorne and HYPERLINK "http://www.online-literature.com/melville/" Melville experiment with romanticism
Landscape painters: Cole, Durand Church ( HYPERLINK "http://www.artchive.com/artchive/hudsonriver.html" Hudson River School)
HYPERLINK "http://www.poemuseum.org/" Poe was more European, anti-establishment
HYPERLINK "http://www.whitmanarchive.org/" Whitman was democratic but a bit too “free”
The Democratic Ferment
Universal white manhood suffrage was the rule by the 1820s
Rise in elected v appointed officials
Stump speaking and campaigning became the norm
More festive and dramatic
Martin Van Buren and others began to build statewide
political...
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