Mitt Romney, Republican presidential candidate for the 2012 presidency, is a very interesting individual to examine. His conservative background is evident based on his current platform. I use the word current because he does tend to flipflop on his beliefs. In regards to abortion, Romney opposes abortion and does not support embryonic stem cell research. He supports the repeal of Roe vs. Wade. Ironically, he is in total support of capital punishment. Continuing to look at health care, Romney supports universal health care but not a government program which would raise taxes. He plans to market reforms to expand and deregulate private insurance to decrease costs and give more Americans access to affordable care. He wants to offers tax breaks and other incentives to individuals without insurance. He would allow tax deductions for outofpocket medical expenses. He would also permit states to use funds spent currently on treating the uninsured to instead assisting them in purchasing private health insurance. Romney’s platform on the budget is based on the beliefs of Reaganomics where taxes are cut in order to bring economic growth. The budget, according to Romney, would cut taxes on people earning incomes less than $200,000 a year and also cut payroll taxes on people aged sixty five years or older. His economic stimulus package with a cost of $233 billion is aimed at generating long term growth incentives. He supports the need for becoming energy independent by making investments in alternative energy sources, reduce gas prices and reduce taxes on middle income Americans. With education, Romney supports schools choice, less federal input for education and more state influence, and much more testing. He even stated at one time that he wanted to eliminate the Federal Department of Education. Although he has shown some support for the gay and lesbian community in past with his meeting with the Log Cabin Club (the only progay/lesbian Republican...
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Apportionment
Maranda Jackson
Instructor: Terry VanNoy
General Education Mathematics
Argosy University
2/26/2014
Methods of apportionment are mathematical techniques used to allocate resources such as police officers in a certain city or congressional seats. These techniques are quite complicated and are based on several variables depending on which method one is choosing to use. Two of the most famous methods for solvingapportionment problems are known as The Hamilton Method and The HuntingtonHill Principle. In this paper we will start by discussion the Hamilton Method by pretending that 10 different states are to be assigned 100 congressional seats by using apportionment.
The Hamilton Method of Apportionment
The Hamilton Method is a "common sense" method that Alexander Hamilton used to apportion the very first United States congress. With that being said, one could pretend that they have to divide or apportion 100 congressional seats among 10 states of the Union. To do this using The Hamilton Method the population for each of the 10 states would have to be known. Then the population for all 10 states would need to be totaled. Once this total is received, then the total population will need to be divided into each individual states population. For example, state 1 has a population of 1500 and state 2 has a population of 2000 for a population total of 3500 (Pirnot,...
...Apportionment Using the Hamilton Method
Dawn Ambrose
Argosy University Online
MAT109 A01
Instructor: Marcus Vandiver
Apportionment Using the Hamilton Method
Using the Hamilton method of apportionment, determine the number of seats each state should receive.
Using the numbers you just calculated from applying the Hamilton method, determine the average constituency for each state. Explain your decision making process for allocating the remaining seats.
As can be seen in the chart above, the additional seats were given to the states with the higher fractional parts (states # 1, 2, 3, 8 and 10).
Explain how changes in state boundaries or populations could affect the balance of representation in this congress. Provide an example using the results above.
The changes in state boundaries could affect the balance of representation in congress because if the population was to increase, the number of seats for the state would decrease and vice versa, if the population declined, the state could gain a seat or remain the same.
How and why could an Alabama Paradox occur?
The Alabama Paradox means that if the total number of items to be apportioned increases, the group or state may loss an item.
Explain how applying the HuntingtonHill apportionment method helps to avoid an Alabama Paradox.
The Huntington Hill apportionment method was an equal proportions method. It had a fixed house to avoid...
...Congressional Apportionment is the process by which the United States House of Representatives are redistricted the fifty states following each constitutionally mandated decennial census. Each state is guaranteed at least one seat and all the other seats are divided among the rest of the states based on their population. Congressional Apportionment is important to the states because the more representatives a state has the more influence they have in the House and vice versa the states do not want to lose seats in the House.
Congressional redistricting is the process of redrawing district boundaries when a state has more representatives than districts. The Senate does not take part in the redistricting process. Redistricting occurs every ten years, with the national census.
Gerrymandering is a practice that attempts to establish a political advantage for a particular political party or group by manipulating geographic boundaries to create partisan, incumbentprotected districts. In order to protect incumbents and to discourage challengers by creating a district that is more populated with a certain political ideology over another to insure a politician’s chance of winning. Gerrymandering is also used in order, to enhance a political party’s strength by having a certain political parties in a district to ensure that the Democrats or Republicans win every election.
The Supreme Court has placed limits on racial gerrymandering and ensuring...
...The Apportionment Problem
Module 5 Assignment 1
Bobbi Brooks
Argosy University, Seattle
For this assignment, I needed to find out how many representatives are going to be assigned to each of the 10 states in the newly democratic nations. The first step was to add all of the state’s populations together. The total population is 532,188. The next step was to divide each individual states population by the total population to see how many seats that each state should receive for representation. After I have a percentage, I give a representative for each whole number. Once I add up the whole numbers, I have 95 out of my 100 seats spoken for. The remaining seats need to be assigned out by the highest fractional value of each state. The chart below shows these steps and the totals of each representative per state. (I am questioning if this is right. I would assume that each state should have a representative but state 5 did not get one, even with the extra states and the fractional numbers.)
State Population % of Pop Reps Final Rep count per state 
1 15475 2.90% 2 3 
2 35644 6.66% 6 7 
3 98756 18.55% 18...
...Allocation and Apportionment of Overheads / Job and Batch costing solution
Question 1
(a) Overhead Analysis Sheet
Overheads
Basis of apportionment
Total
Machining
Assembly
Stores
Canteen
Indirect Wages
Number of indirect employees
232000
( X 232000)
( X 232000)
( X 232000)
( X 232000)
61867
123733
30933
15467
Machinery Maintenance
Budgeted machine hours
( X 94000)
( X 94000)
94000
87935
6065
Machinery Insurance
Value of machinery
( X 9050)
( X 9050)
9020
6380
2640
Rent and rates
Floor area (sq metres)
( X 49600)
( X 49600)
( X 49600)
( X 49600)
49600
19840
22320
4960
2480
Buildings Insurance
Floor area (sq metres)
( X 12800)
( X 12800)
( X 12800)
( X 12800)
12800
5120
5760
1280
640
( X 26600)
( X 26600)
Machinery depreciation
Value of machinery
26600
18815
7785
Total Allocated and Apportioned Overheads
424020
199957
168303
37173
18587
First REApportionment
Canteen
Given %
( X 18587)
( X 18587)
( X 18587)
5576
10223
2788
(18587)
424020
205533
178526
39961

Second REApportionment
Stores
Number of orders from stores
( X 39961)
( X 39961)
33126
6835
(39961)
Total Overheads
424020
238659
185361


(b) Overheads absorption rate (OAR)
OAR Machining = Budgeted overheads / Budgeted Machine hours
= 238 659 / 46 400 = $5.14 per machine hour
OAR Assembly = Budgeted overheads / Budgeted Labour hours
= 185 361 / 28 600 =...