APPLYING LEADERSHIP THEORIES
APPLYING LEADERSHIP THEORIES IN THE SCHOOL SETTING
Every organization has a leader who manages the institution with the end task of accomplishing the desired goals. The success of an organization depends on dynamic and effective leadership. Leadership, is influencing people to follow in the achievement of a common goal (Koontz and O’Donnell, 1959). Educational organization has been going through tremendous changes, reform and restructuring. With these changes, Leadership styles and management techniques have undergone changes to keep up with the needs of the global society (Razik and Swanson, 2010). It is still debated on which Leadership styles or theory is the best to achieve success, with an agreement that a combination of different theories based on situational need will be the best. This essay will depict how different leadership theories apply to my school setting as reflected from the leader’s behavior and actions. Applying Leadership Theories
Leadership is a matter of how to be, not how to dot it (Hesselbein, 1994).Different theories have been put forward to explain the leadership behavior. They really are not theories but are descriptions of concepts, procedures, and actions (Hersey, Blanchard and Johnson, 2008) as exhibited by the leaders. As a matter of fact, leader at our school site exhibits different strategies and techniques that cannot be included under one particular theory. Based on the research conducted for this essay and from the behaviors and actions of our administrator, out of the various theories five of these theories are mainly reflected at our school setting. These five theories include; 1. The High performance theory 2.Contingency Model of Leadership 3.Expectancy theory 4. Transformational Leadership and 5.Strategic Leadership Model. The High Performance theory
The high Performance theory supports the idea of an individuals approach on how to attain a given outcome on one’s own (Sergiovanni,2006). Our leader is a data –driven person and when he joined our school site, our school was a failing school. He designed his own strategies, evaluation techniques and communication methodologies to achieve the goal which was the performing plus label for our school. Our school has been continuously performing plus for the last few years .This achievement could be observed as the result of our Principal’s way of looking at and dealing with the situation by targeting a goal and working towards it. His tactics thus could be found closely related to this theory as all the other activities were centered around to attain a set outcome. Contingency Model of Leadership
According to this approach, Contextual factors influencing leadership processes, such as characteristics of environment, subordinates & tasks (House 1971), task structure, leader-member relations & leader’s position power to evaluate subordinates’ performance (Fiedler 1964), amount of relevant information possessed, importance of decision, subordinates’ acceptability of decision (Vroom & Yetton 1973), subordinate maturity (Hersey & Blanchard 1977) are considered by the leader in managing the organization. At our school site, our principal gives at most importance to environmental structure, involving teachers and other stakeholders in decision making and goal setting. Once the structure is established, continuous feedback is provided and development strategies are recommended which will help the teachers in professional growth. From my experience, what I have found is that, our Principal adapts to the changing demands, welcomes suggestions from the team mates to attain the goal and modifying the existing strategies by involving representations from all stakeholders and finalizing the target to achieve. Expectancy Theory
This model, namely expectancy theory (Vroom, 1964; Porter and Lawler, 1968), suggests that individuals,...