Running Head: Depression 1
Severe Depression from the Clinical Psychological Perspective Michelle Brummet
Introduction to Applied Behavioral Sciences 200
Instructor Jeannine Jones
October 6, 2014
Severe Depression from the Clinical Psychological Perspective
Let’s first define what psychology and applied psychology means and how it is applied. Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior and why people act the way they do. Applied psychology is the professional application of knowledge, sometimes psychological, to the possible solution of problems associated with human behavior. Clinical psychologists, according to Davey (2011); “…are closely involved in helping people to recover from these kinds of problems. They attempt to help people to understand the causes of their difficulties, provide interventions that can help to alleviate specific symptoms associated with their difficulties, and provide support and guidance through the period of recovery” (sect. 2.1).
Millions of people all over the world are affected every day by depression. It ranges in seriousness from mild, temporary episodes of sadness, and to severe, persistent depression. It can affect anyone, anytime. Severe depression can often cripple one’s life or worse, result in the taking of one’s own life.
I picked case #1 for the core of my topic. Let me introduce you to Joe who is suffering from severe depression. His father, grandmother, and two uncles suffered with the same abnormal condition, suggesting depression can be hereditary or genetic. One of Joe’s uncles committed suicide as well. Joe’s depression started or surfaced after he was laid off from work, and became disabling when his wife divorced him taking their kids and their home. In Joe’s circumstances, it is plain to see just why he has become angry, hopeless, and depressed. Clinical psychologists have studied thousands of cases such as Joe’s as the importance of this topic cannot be quantified. Millions of Americans suffer from this abnormality; the differences are outside influences/extenuating DEPRESSION 3 circumstances, influences from family, chemical imbalances in the brain, genetic, nationality, and or self-inflicted psychosis. There are many theories on the board so to speak but I’ve selected a few I believe are important enough to consider. In Joe’s case, there are numerous factors as to the origin of his severe depression. As I’ve stated, his loss of job, wife, children, and home would be enough for anyone to become distressed, let alone someone with underlying cognitive biases. Davey (2011) describes certain mental behavior as maladaptive. “In its extreme form, maladaptive behavior might involve behaving in a way that is a threat to the health and wellbeing of the individual and others” (sect. 188.8.131.52). Maladaptive behavior inhibits a person’s ability to adjust or cope to a particular situation or circumstances. In Joe’s case, all that has happened to him is extreme and without a clinical psychologist to help, Joe might very well end up in a place where his uncle found himself and the worst case scenario, end his own life. One of the most...
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