Applications of Information Communication Technology Techniques in Libraries

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  • Topic: Library, Digital library, Librarian
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  • Published : January 20, 2011
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Developments in ICT:
Training Needs of the Library professionals


Dr. Praveenkumar. Kumbargoudar,
Assistant Librarian,
Gulbarga University,
GULBARGA: 585 106.


Mamata. Mestri,
Assistant Librarian,
Gulbarga University,
GULBARGA: 585 106


The present paper explained about the techniques that have developed in Information Communication Technology and also described the applications of these techniques to libraries and information centres. The library professionals are in the state of confusion regarding the use and application of these technologies to their libraries. They need knowledge and skills so as to apply these techniques to their libraries. For this purpose, the paper listed different areas and techniques such as Library Automation, Computer Software, Computer networking, Information collection, storage and retrieval in digital format, Virtual Technology, electronic information services etc in which the present library professionals need training. The paper concluded with the emphasis to train the library professionals using appropriate methods depending the extent of use of ICT in their libraries.

Key Words: Training, Library Professionals, Information and Communication Technology.


The impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) developed library science techniques, tools and functions. Printed documents are of no use in the forthcoming years. In library, Card Catalogue will also become obsolete in future. The emergence of ICT developed its applications to library in the form of computer networks, digital storage formats, institutional repositories, subject gateways, online information services, web technology and search technology and so on.

Applications of ICT Techniques to Libraries:

The Information and Communication Technology is a dynamic and its techniques and applications are developing at a faster rate. Nadia Caidi1 stated that “there are big changes. Five or ten years ago, libraries were traditional places to read materials, to get some information. Now they are places to find information, act more and more like gatekeepers. Society is changing well: the users think more and more of reading as other than for leisure. They need specific information and more leaders.

Developments in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), the libraries have been integrated at the electronic frontier to facilitate rapid transfer of information on a global scale. Advances in Computer Storage and Telecommunication methods, online access to databases, electronic journals, electronic knowledge banks, direct document delivery, teletext, teleconferences, bulletin boards, CD-ROMs, networks etc., have been the revolutionary developments in the last two/ three decades that have brought a great change in communication, storing and handling of information. The digital or electronic resources are dynamic in nature to share information globally and there has been an increased scope for automated delivery mechanism. Libraries today are termed as Digital Libraries and Hybrid Libraries. Knowledge preservation and dissemination have rapidly changed. Unlike simply providing access to holdings in print format, the electronic resources are procured to meet the information needs of the clientele. In the light of Information Bill 2002, it must be the fundamental professional concern of the Librarians to endeavour to predict, grasp, analyze and materialize such expectations and needs2.

The ICT developments transformed and developed the library services as under:

• Automation and Mechanization of every function of the libraries; • Compact Storage of Information, easy accessibility and faster communication; • Subject databases particularly from academic institutions: Increasing number...
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