Application of Need Theory by Virginia Henderson

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Virginia Henderson

Physiological 1. Breath normally 2. Eat and drink adequately 3. Eliminate body wastes 4. Move and maintain desirable postures 5. Sleep and rest 6.Select suitable clothes - dress and undress 7. Maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying the environment. 8. Keep the body clean and well groomed and protect the integument. 9.Avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injuring others. 10.Communicate with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, or opinions. 14.Learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and health and use the available health facilities. Spiritual 11.Worship according to one’s faith. Sociological 12. Work in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment. 13. Play or participate in various forms of recreation. Psychological

Virginia Henderson
* Individuals in relation to families * Supports tasks of private and public agencies * Society expects nurses to act for individuals who are unable to function independently * Basic nursing care involves providing conditions under which the patient can perform the 14 activities unaided

* Definition based on individual’s ability to function independently as outlined in the 14 components. * Nurses need to stress promotion of health and prevention and cure of disease. * Good health is a challenge. * Affected by age, cultural background, physical, and intellectual capacities, and emotional balance * Impact on health by working of various social issues.

Virginia Henderson
* Definition Henderson's classic definition of nursing: "I say that the nurse does for others what they would do for themselves if they had the strength, the will, and the knowledge. But I go on to say that the nurse makes the patient independent of him or her as soon as possible." * Nurse serves to make patient "complete","“whole",or "independent." * Physicians therapeutic plan * Individualized care * Use nursing research

ADAPTATION THEORY HUMANS An adaptive system with coping processes · Described as a whole comprised of parts · Functions as a unity for some purpose · Includes people as individuals or in groups (families, organizations, communities, nations, and society as a whole) · An adaptive system with cognator and regulator subsystems acting to maintain adaptation in the four adaptive modes: physiologic-physical, self-concept-group identity, role function, and interdependence


ENVIRONMENT · All conditions, circumstances, and influences surrounding and affecting the development and behavior of persons and groups with particular consideration of mutuality of person and earth resources · Three kinds of stimuli: focal, contextual, and residual · Significant stimuli in all human adaptation include stage of development, family, and culture

HEALTH AND ADAPTATION · Health: a state and process of being and becoming integrated and whole that reflects person and environmental mutuality · Adaptation: the process and outcome whereby thinking and feeling persons, as individuals and in groups, use conscious awareness and choice to create human and environmental integration · Adaptive Responses: responses that promotes integrity in terms of the goals of the human system, that is, survival, growth, reproduction, mastery, and personal and environmental transformation · Ineffective Responses: responses that do not contribute to integrity in terms of the goals of the human system · Adaptation levels represent the condition of the life processes described on three different levels: integrated, compensatory, and compromised


NURSING · Nursing is the science and practice that expands adaptive abilities and enhances person and environment transformation · Nursing goals are to promote adaptation for individuals and groups in the four adaptive modes, thus...
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