Application of Management Accounting in your organization
D61/62965/2010 MAY_AUGUST SEMESTER UON_NAIROBI CAMPUS
How management accounting is applied at ICEA ASSET MANAGENT LTD Management accounting or managerial accounting is concerned with the provisions and use of accounting information to managers within organizations, to provide them with the basis to make informed business decisions that will allow them to be better equipped in their management and control functions. In contrast to financial accountancy information, management accounting information is: * forward-looking, instead of historical;
* model based with a degree of abstraction to support decision making generically, instead of case based; * designed and intended for use by managers within the organization, instead of being intended for use by shareholders, creditors, and public regulators; * usually confidential and used by management, instead of publicly reported; * computed by reference to the needs of managers, often using management information systems, instead of by reference to general financial accounting standards. According to the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA), Management Accounting is "the process of identification, measurement, accumulation, analysis, preparation, interpretation and communication of information used by management to plan, evaluate and control within an entity and to assure appropriate use of and accountability for its resources. Management accounting also comprises the preparation of financial reports for non-management groups such as shareholders, creditors, regulatory agencies and tax authorities" (CIMA Official Terminology) The Institute of Management Accountants(IMA) recently updated its definition as follows: "management accounting is a profession that involves partnering in management decision making, devising planning and performance management systems, and providing expertise in financial reporting and control to assist management in the formulation and implementation of an organization’s strategy." The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants(AICPA) states that management accounting as practice extends to the following three areas: * Strategic Management—Advancing the role of the management accountant as a strategic partner in the organization. * Performance Management—Developing the practice of business decision-making and managing the performance of the organization. * Risk Management—Contributing to frameworks and practices for identifying, measuring, managing and reporting risks to the achievement of the objectives of the organization. The Institute of Certified Management Accountants(ICMA), states "A management accountant applies his or her professional knowledge and skill in the preparation and presentation of financial and other decision oriented information in such a way as to assist management in the formulation of policies and in the planning and control of the operation of the undertaking." Management Accountants therefore are seen as the "value-creators" amongst the accountants. They are much more interested in forward looking and taking decisions that will affect the future of the organization, than in the historical recording and compliance (score keeping) aspects of the profession. Management accounting knowledge and experience can therefore be obtained from varied fields and functions within an organization, such as information management, treasury, efficiency auditing, marketing, valuation, pricing, logistics, etc. Role within the corporation
Consistent with other roles in today's corporation, management...