Appalachian History

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Introduction
The story and history of Appalachia is rich and their shared geography, cultural traits and common historical experience ties the people of Appalachia together. The Appalachian Mountains were inhabited by a diverse population of Native Americans. They included the Iroquois who were the dominant group in the region. They later split into the northern Iroquois and southern Cherokees. The counties of Virginia, East Tennessee, western North Carolina and eastern Kentucky were the strongest areas of unionist sentiment in Appalachia. The people involved in social activities such as attending church, house and barn construction, clearing ground, harvesting crops, hog butchering and husking corn. The geographic and economic conditions of the Appalachia contributed to the absence of slavery in the larger part of the region. The mountainous terrain made it difficult to develop profitable commercial agriculture that was related to slavery. There was a notable availability of industrial slavery in Appalachia in tanning works, salt mines and iron foundries of Virginia and in the brick mills of Tennessee. Industrialization in the Appalachia was compromised by the culture and way of life of he locals however this changed with the demand for coal increased in the United States. Appalachia is relatively a poor region with attempts to fight poverty having little success. The region is rich in natural resources yet a land of great poverty. (Edwards, Asbury and Cox, 26). In the poem “Tobacco” the speaker says that when “the fence laws passed and taxes rose, we needed money to crops to keep our farms”. This lead to farmers like James moody to give up the small tobacco and subsistence farms of the mountains to become part of out migration from Appalachia. The lure of mill life with the promises of a house and a regular pay check was strong. The out migration increased as in the poem “Hand-bill Distributed in Buncombe county,...
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