In the UK legal system their are two types of lawyers; solicitor and barrister,after a certain amount of years of experience if you want to you can apply to become a judge, if accepted you start from the bottom of the heirachy system and eventually as you gain more years of experience you get higher in the ranking. Keywords: UK, solicitors, barristers, judiciary, prosecutors, high court, superior and inferior judges, bar examinations. In this project we will look at how the two types of lawyers in the uk are appointed what kinds of legal education they have to go throught, if they have to do bar examinations and overall how many years it would take them to be a fully qualifed solicitor or barrister, then we will look at judiciary appointments and see the process of this and the differences of superior and inferior judges. To become a fully qualified solicitor you have to go through a few steps, but first we need to understand what a solicitor does. A solicitor: * Gives legal advice
* Represents clients in the court
* Administrative work for the case (evidence,documents, interact more with clients) To become a solicitor the first step is have a law degree if you have a undergraduate degree you must go through a CPA for one year or also known as Common Proffesional Exam, once you have completd this you must attend the Legal Practice Course (LPC), this is a one year course that gives you the skills neccessary for the profeesion e.g drafting documents, how to interview clients, how to keep client accounts seperate. After this is completed you have to do two years traning (apprentice) so bascially you work under the supervision of a qualified solicitor, once this is finished you are a fully qualified solicitor which now has a better advantage than before. Until 1990 solicitors could only represent clients in the magistrates court and county courts, if on appeal the case would go to a high court the solicitor would have to pass the case to a barrister who would have limited time to get familiar with the case and client. But this has changed by the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 and the Access To Justice Act 1999. Solicitors now have rights of audience in all of the courts in the UK. When solictors are working alone they have more of a general knowledge of all areas of law but if they work in a law firm they may specialise in a specific area. What if the client ain’t happy with their solicitor? their is a contract between the client and solicitor if their is any problems (e.g if the client feels like that the solicitor has not fulfilled obligations) the client has right to sue under contract law but they can also sue under tort law(negligence). The second type of lawyer in the UK is a Barrister which job is to similar to solictors but not exactly the same their job is to : * Give legal advice
* Represent clients in court
* Prepare pleadings
* Write legal opinions
* Take over a case if it is to advanced for a soliciotor or if it lays in his area of expertise Usually barristers specialise in an area of law e.g criminal law, family law, tort law, land law etc... Barristers work in chambers usually a group of 15-20 qualified barristers, also most barrister have a barrister clerk who deals with the work load of the barrister. Before we talk about how a barrister is appointed lets go through the stages step by step to become a qualified barrrister. Usually a degree in law is needed but if you have a different undergraduate you must do a conversion course, this is a one year course of the main legal fields. The second step is the bar proffesional traning course (BPTC) this is a one year course giving you the skills needed for the profession. The third step is probably the most important stage you have to become a member of the Inns of Court in London and must attend 12 dinners there, this is to learn the ettiquete of the profession e.g teaching you how to speak, how to present yourself. This also...
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