Good morning/afternoon Mr Bennett and boys. Today, Stephen and I will be talking about the Apartheid which occurred in South Africa from 1948 – 1993. The term apartheid from the Afrikaans word for apartness-
An official policy of racial segregation formerly practiced in the Republic of South Africa, involving political, legal, and economic discrimination against nonwhites. The period of racial segregation enforced upon South Africa by the ruling National Party existed from 1948-1993. In this period of time, the world witnessed legislation put down by the South African Government intended to ensure white supremacy and the survival of the Afrikaans language and cultural. In 1948 the first of such laws were put in place, a legislation which classified the inhabitants into racial groups. These groups consisted of black, white, coloured and Indian. By racial profiling he inhabitants it allowed the government to select which group did what, i.e. only white people where allowed to vote. Such was the great dislike of the Black people that the Government continued to further separate them from society, by putting in more legislation to legally force them to live separately. This triggered many forced evictions of black people from their houses in order for them to live in black only ‘townships’. White and black marriages were no longer permitted and intercourse between races became a crime. We can link this back to “To Kill a Mockingbird” by means of Mr Dolphus Raymond. He poses as the town drunkard so that people don’t criticize him for his relationship with a black woman.
In 1978, South Africa was filled with 19 million negroes, compared to 4.5 million whites. Considering the negroes compile more than ¾ of South Africa, it is quite remarkable how they only owned 13% of land. From this table shown on the screen, it is quiet clear that the “darker skinned race” were living in quite unhuman like conditions. 1 doctor to every 44,000 negroes, compared with 1/400...
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